Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

From the moment God promised the devil that Eve's offspring would crush his head, Satan sought to murder the Messiah. John 8:44 tells us that "he was a murderer from the beginning and has always hated the truth." The spirit of murder is of the devil.

Thinking that perhaps Abel was the Messiah, Satan incited Cain to murder his brother. Later, when he realized that Jesus was the true Messiah, he provoked the bloodthirsty tyrant Herod into killing "all the boys in and around Bethlehem who were two years old and under, because the wise men had told him the star first appeared to them about two years earlier" (Matthew 2:16).

Satan's hatred, not only for Christ but also for those who are "Christ-ians," has driven him to murder millions of believers worldwide. Try as he will, though, to gather those who will "plot together against the Lord and against his anointed one" (Psalm 2:2), the devil is always defeated! In fact, God even laughs at Satan's anger and murderous attempts to stop His Son from redeeming the world (v. 4).

In the end, the ultimate prophecy to believers will be fulfilled: "Only ask, and I will give you the nations as your inheritance, the ends of the earth as your possession" (v. 8). We are on the winning side!

Genesis 3:1-4:26

The Fall

Now the serpentJob 1:7; 2:2; 2Co 11:3; Rev 12:9; 20:2 was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?S Ge 2:17

The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,Ge 2:16but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’”S Ge 2:17

“You will not certainly die,” the serpent said to the woman.S Jn 8:44; 2Co 11:3“For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God,S Ge 1:26; 14:18, 19; Ps 7:8; Isa 14:14; Eze 28:2 knowing good and evil.”

When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirableJas 1:14-15; 1Jn 2:16 for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband,Nu 30:7-8; Jer 44:15, 19, 24 who was with her, and he ate it.2Co 11:3; 1Ti 2:14Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked;Ge 2:25 so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.ver 21

Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walkingLev 26:12; Dt 23:14 in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hidJob 13:16; 23:7; 31:33; 34:22, 23; Ps 5:5; 139:7-12; Isa 29:15; Jer 16:17; 23:24; 49:10; Rev 6:15-16 from the Lord God among the trees of the garden.But the Lord God called to the man, “Where are you?”Ge 4:9; 16:8; 18:9; 1Ki 19:9, 13

10 He answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraidEx 19:16; 20:18; Dt 5:5; 1Sa 12:18 because I was naked;Ge 2:25 so I hid.”

11 And he said, “Who told you that you were naked?Ge 2:25 Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?S Ge 2:17

12 The man said, “The woman you put here with meGe 2:22—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”

13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?”

The woman said, “The serpent deceived me,Ro 7:11; 2Co 11:3; 1Ti 2:14 and I ate.”

14 So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this,

“CursedDt 28:15-20 are you above all livestock

and all wild animals!

You will crawl on your belly

and you will eat dustPs 72:9; Isa 49:23; 65:25; Mic 7:17

all the days of your life.

15 And I will put enmity

between you and the woman,

and between your offspringOr seedJn 8:44; Ac 13:10; 1Jn 3:8 and hers;Ge 16:11; Jdg 13:5; Isa 7:14; 8:3; 9:6; Mt 1:23; Lk 1:31; Gal 4:4; Rev 12:17

he will crushOr strike your head,Ro 16:20; Heb 2:14

and you will strike his heel.”

16 To the woman he said,

“I will make your pains in childbearing very severe;

with painful labor you will give birth to children.Ps 48:5-6; Isa 13:8; 21:3; 26:17; Jer 4:31; 6:24; Mic 4:9; 1Ti 2:15

Your desire will be for your husband,

and he will rule over you.1Co 11:3; Eph 5:22

17 To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’S Ge 2:17

“CursedGe 5:29; Nu 35:33; Ps 106:39; Isa 24:5; Jer 3:1; Ro 8:20-22 is the groundGe 6:13; 8:21; Isa 54:9 because of you;

through painful toilGe 29:32; 31:42; Ex 3:7; Ps 66:11; 127:2; Ecc 1:13 you will eat food from it

all the days of your life.Ge 47:9; Job 5:7; 7:1; 14:1; Ecc 2:23; Jer 20:18

18 It will produce thorns and thistlesJob 31:40; Isa 5:6; Heb 6:8 for you,

and you will eat the plants of the field.Ps 104:14

19 By the sweat of your browPs 104:23

you will eat your foodGe 14:18; Dt 8:3, 9; 23:4; Ru 1:6; 2:14; 2Th 3:10

until you return to the ground,

since from it you were taken;

for dust you are

and to dust you will return.”S Ge 2:7; S Job 7:21; S Ps 146:4; 1Co 15:47; Heb 9:27

20 AdamOr The man named his wife Eve,Eve probably means living.S Ge 2:20; 2Co 11:3; 1Ti 2:13 because she would become the mother of all the living.

21 The Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.S ver 722 And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of us,S Ge 1:26 knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of lifeS Ge 2:9; S Rev 2:7 and eat, and live forever.”23 So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of EdenS Ge 2:8 to work the groundS Ge 2:7 from which he had been taken.24 After he drove the man out, he placed on the east sideOr placed in front of the Garden of EdenS Ge 2:8 cherubimEx 25:18-22; 1Sa 4:4; 2Sa 6:2; 22:11; 1Ki 6:27; 8:6; 2Ki 19:15; 2Ch 5:8; Ps 18:10; 80:1; 99:1; Isa 37:16; Eze 10:1; 28:16 and a flaming swordJob 40:19; Ps 104:4; Isa 27:1 flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.S Ge 2:9

Cain and Abel

AdamOr The man made love to his wifever 17, 25 Eve,S Ge 2:20 and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain.Cain sounds like the Hebrew for brought forth or acquired.Heb 11:4; 1Jn 3:12; Jude 1:11 She said, “With the help of the Lord I have brought forthOr have acquired a man.”Later she gave birth to his brother Abel.Mt 23:35; Lk 11:51; Heb 11:4; 12:24

Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil.S Ge 2:7In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offeringLev 2:1-2; Isa 43:23; Jer 41:5 to the Lord.Nu 18:12And Abel also brought an offering—fat portionsLev 3:16; 2Ch 29:35 from some of the firstborn of his flock.Ex 13:2, 12; Dt 15:19 The Lord looked with favor on Abel and his offering,Heb 11:4but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.

Then the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry?Jnh 4:4 Why is your face downcast?If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door;Ge 44:16; Nu 32:23; Isa 59:12 it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.Job 11:15; 22:27; Ps 27:3; 46:2; S Ro 6:16

Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s go out to the field.”Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Masoretic Text does not have “Let’s go out to the field.” While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.Mt 23:35; Lk 11:51; 1Jn 3:12; Jude 1:11

Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?”S Ge 3:9

“I don’t know,S Jn 8:44” he replied. “Am I my brother’s keeper?”

10 The Lord said, “What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground.Ge 9:5; 37:20, 26; Ex 21:12; Nu 35:33; Dt 21:7, 9; 2Sa 4:11; Job 16:18; 24:2; 31:38; Ps 9:12; 106:38; Heb 12:24; Rev 6:9-1011 Now you are under a curseDt 11:28; 2Ki 2:24 and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.12 When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you.Dt 28:15-24 You will be a restless wandererPs 37:25; 59:15; 109:10 on the earth.ver 14

13 Cain said to the Lord, “My punishment is more than I can bear.14 Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence;2Ki 17:18; Ps 51:11; 139:7-12; Jer 7:15; 52:3 I will be a restless wanderer on the earth,ver 12; Dt 28:64-67 and whoever finds me will kill me.”Ge 9:6; Ex 21:12, 14; Lev 24:17; Nu 35:19, 21, 27, 33; 1Ki 2:32; 2Ki 11:16

15 But the Lord said to him, “Not soSeptuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew Very well; anyone who kills CainEze 9:4, 6 will suffer vengeanceEx 21:20 seven times over.ver 24; Lev 26:21; Ps 79:12” Then the Lord put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him.16 So Cain went out from the Lord’s presenceJude 1:11 and lived in the land of Nod,Nod means wandering (see verses 12 and 14). east of Eden.S Ge 2:8

17 Cain made love to his wife,S ver 1 and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city,Ps 55:9 and he named it after his sonPs 49:11 Enoch.18 To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech.

19 Lamech marriedGe 6:2 two women,Ge 29:28; Dt 21:15; Ru 4:11; 1Sa 1:2 one named Adah and the other Zillah.20 Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock.21 His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instrumentsGe 31:27; Ex 15:20; 1Sa 16:16; 1Ch 25:3; Ps 33:2; 43:4; Isa 16:11; Da 3:5 and pipes.Job 21:12; 30:31; Ps 150:422 Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, who forgedEx 35:35; 1Sa 13:19; 2Ki 24:14 all kinds of tools out ofOr who instructed all who work in bronze and iron. Tubal-Cain’s sister was Naamah.

23 Lamech said to his wives,

“Adah and Zillah, listen to me;

wives of Lamech, hear my words.

I have killedGe 9:5-6; Ex 20:13; 21:12; 23:7; Lev 19:18; 24:17; Dt 27:24; 32:35 a man for wounding me,

a young man for injuring me.

24 If Cain is avengedDt 32:35; 2Ki 9:7; Ps 18:47; 94:1; Isa 35:4; Jer 51:56; Na 1:2 seven times,S ver 15

then Lamech seventy-seven times.Mt 18:22

25 Adam made love to his wifever 1 again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth,Seth probably means granted.Ge 5:3; 1Ch 1:1 saying, “God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him.”ver 826 Seth also had a son, and he named him Enosh.Ge 5:6; 1Ch 1:1; Lk 3:38

At that time people began to call onOr to proclaim the name of the Lord.Ge 12:8; 13:4; 21:33; 22:9; 26:25; 33:20; 35:1; Ex 17:15; 1Ki 18:24; Ps 116:17; Joel 2:32; Zep 3:9; S Ac 2:21

The Man and Woman Sin

The serpent was the shrewdest of all the wild animals the Lord God had made. One day he asked the woman, “Did God really say you must not eat the fruit from any of the trees in the garden?”

“Of course we may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,” the woman replied.“It’s only the fruit from the tree in the middle of the garden that we are not allowed to eat. God said, ‘You must not eat it or even touch it; if you do, you will die.’”

“You won’t die!” the serpent replied to the woman.“God knows that your eyes will be opened as soon as you eat it, and you will be like God, knowing both good and evil.”

The woman was convinced. She saw that the tree was beautiful and its fruit looked delicious, and she wanted the wisdom it would give her. So she took some of the fruit and ate it. Then she gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it, too.At that moment their eyes were opened, and they suddenly felt shame at their nakedness. So they sewed fig leaves together to cover themselves.

When the cool evening breezes were blowing, the manOr Adam, and so throughout the chapter. and his wife heard the Lord God walking about in the garden. So they hid from the Lord God among the trees.Then the Lord God called to the man, “Where are you?”

10 He replied, “I heard you walking in the garden, so I hid. I was afraid because I was naked.”

11 “Who told you that you were naked?” the Lord God asked. “Have you eaten from the tree whose fruit I commanded you not to eat?”

12 The man replied, “It was the woman you gave me who gave me the fruit, and I ate it.”

13 Then the Lord God asked the woman, “What have you done?”

“The serpent deceived me,” she replied. “That’s why I ate it.”

14 Then the Lord God said to the serpent,

“Because you have done this, you are cursed

more than all animals, domestic and wild.

You will crawl on your belly,

groveling in the dust as long as you live.

15 And I will cause hostility between you and the woman,

and between your offspring and her offspring.

He will strikeOr bruise; also in 3:15b. your head,

and you will strike his heel.”

16 Then he said to the woman,

“I will sharpen the pain of your pregnancy,

and in pain you will give birth.

And you will desire to control your husband,

but he will rule over you.Or And though you will have desire for your husband, / he will rule over you.

17 And to the man he said,

“Since you listened to your wife and ate from the tree

whose fruit I commanded you not to eat,

the ground is cursed because of you.

All your life you will struggle to scratch a living from it.

18 It will grow thorns and thistles for you,

though you will eat of its grains.

19 By the sweat of your brow

will you have food to eat

until you return to the ground

from which you were made.

For you were made from dust,

and to dust you will return.”

Paradise Lost: God’s Judgment

20 Then the man—Adam—named his wife Eve, because she would be the mother of all who live.Eve sounds like a Hebrew term that means “to give life.”21 And the Lord God made clothing from animal skins for Adam and his wife.

22 Then the Lord God said, “Look, the human beingsOr the man; Hebrew reads ha-adam. have become like us, knowing both good and evil. What if they reach out, take fruit from the tree of life, and eat it? Then they will live forever!”23 So the Lord God banished them from the Garden of Eden, and he sent Adam out to cultivate the ground from which he had been made.24 After sending them out, the Lord God stationed mighty cherubim to the east of the Garden of Eden. And he placed a flaming sword that flashed back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.

Cain and Abel

Now AdamOr the man; also in 4:25. had sexual relations with his wife, Eve, and she became pregnant. When she gave birth to Cain, she said, “With the Lord’s help, I have producedOr I have acquired. Cain sounds like a Hebrew term that can mean “produce” or “acquire.” a man!”Later she gave birth to his brother and named him Abel.

When they grew up, Abel became a shepherd, while Cain cultivated the ground.When it was time for the harvest, Cain presented some of his crops as a gift to the Lord.Abel also brought a gift—the best portions of the firstborn lambs from his flock. The Lord accepted Abel and his gift,but he did not accept Cain and his gift. This made Cain very angry, and he looked dejected.

“Why are you so angry?” the Lord asked Cain. “Why do you look so dejected?You will be accepted if you do what is right. But if you refuse to do what is right, then watch out! Sin is crouching at the door, eager to control you. But you must subdue it and be its master.”

One day Cain suggested to his brother, “Let’s go out into the fields.”As in Samaritan Pentateuch, Greek and Syriac versions, and Latin Vulgate; Masoretic Text lacks “Let’s go out into the fields.” And while they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother, Abel, and killed him.

Afterward the Lord asked Cain, “Where is your brother? Where is Abel?”

“I don’t know,” Cain responded. “Am I my brother’s guardian?”

10 But the Lord said, “What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground!11 Now you are cursed and banished from the ground, which has swallowed your brother’s blood.12 No longer will the ground yield good crops for you, no matter how hard you work! From now on you will be a homeless wanderer on the earth.”

13 Cain replied to the Lord, “My punishmentOr My sin. is too great for me to bear!14 You have banished me from the land and from your presence; you have made me a homeless wanderer. Anyone who finds me will kill me!”

15 The Lord replied, “No, for I will give a sevenfold punishment to anyone who kills you.” Then the Lord put a mark on Cain to warn anyone who might try to kill him.16 So Cain left the Lord’s presence and settled in the land of Nod,Nod means “wandering.” east of Eden.

The Descendants of Cain

17 Cain had sexual relations with his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Then Cain founded a city, which he named Enoch, after his son.18 Enoch had a son named Irad. Irad became the father ofOr the ancestor of, and so throughout the verse. Mehujael. Mehujael became the father of Methushael. Methushael became the father of Lamech.

19 Lamech married two women. The first was named Adah, and the second was Zillah.20 Adah gave birth to Jabal, who was the first of those who raise livestock and live in tents.21 His brother’s name was Jubal, the first of all who play the harp and flute.22 Lamech’s other wife, Zillah, gave birth to a son named Tubal-cain. He became an expert in forging tools of bronze and iron. Tubal-cain had a sister named Naamah.23 One day Lamech said to his wives,

“Adah and Zillah, hear my voice;

listen to me, you wives of Lamech.

I have killed a man who attacked me,

a young man who wounded me.

24 If someone who kills Cain is punished seven times,

then the one who kills me will be punished seventy-seven times!”

The Birth of Seth

25 Adam had sexual relations with his wife again, and she gave birth to another son. She named him Seth,Seth probably means “granted”; the name may also mean “appointed.” for she said, “God has granted me another son in place of Abel, whom Cain killed.”26 When Seth grew up, he had a son and named him Enosh. At that time people first began to worship the Lord by name.

Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?

And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:

But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.

And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.

And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.

And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden.

And the Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?

10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.

11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?

12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.

13 And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

14 And the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:

15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

17 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;

18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;

19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.

20 And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.

21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did the Lord God make coats of skins, and clothed them.

22 And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

23 Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord.

And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.

And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord.

And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering:

But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

And the Lord said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?

If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.

And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.

And the Lord said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper?

10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.

11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;

12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.

13 And Cain said unto the Lord, My punishment is greater than I can bear.

14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.

15 And the Lord said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.

16 And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.

17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.

18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.

19 And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.

21 And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.

22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah.

23 And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt.

24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.

25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.

26 And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the Lord.

Matthew 2:13-3:6

The Escape to Egypt

13 When they had gone, an angelS Ac 5:19 of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream.ver 12, 19, 22; S Mt 27:19 “Get up,” he said, “take the child and his mother and escape to Egypt. Stay there until I tell you, for Herod is going to search for the child to kill him.”Rev 12:4

14 So he got up, took the child and his mother during the night and left for Egypt,15 where he stayed until the death of Herod. And so was fulfilledver 17, 23; S Mt 1:22 what the Lord had said through the prophet: “Out of Egypt I called my son.”Hosea 11:1Ex 4:22, 23; Hos 11:1

16 When Herod realized that he had been outwitted by the Magi, he was furious, and he gave orders to kill all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity who were two years old and under, in accordance with the time he had learned from the Magi.17 Then what was said through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled:ver 15, 23; S Mt 1:22

18 “A voice is heard in Ramah,

weeping and great mourning,

RachelGe 35:19 weeping for her children

and refusing to be comforted,

because they are no more.”Jer. 31:15Jer 31:15

The Return to Nazareth

19 After Herod died, an angelS Ac 5:19 of the Lord appeared in a dreamver 12, 13, 22; S Mt 27:19 to Joseph in Egypt20 and said, “Get up, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who were trying to take the child’s life are dead.”Ex 4:19

21 So he got up, took the child and his mother and went to the land of Israel.22 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning in Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. Having been warned in a dream,ver 12, 13, 19; S Mt 27:19 he withdrew to the district of Galilee,Lk 2:3923 and he went and lived in a town called Nazareth.Mk 1:9; 6:1; S 1:24; Lk 1:26; 2:39, 51; 4:16, 23; Jn 1:45, 46 So was fulfilledver 15, 17; S Mt 1:22 what was said through the prophets, that he would be called a Nazarene.S Mk 1:24

John the Baptist Prepares the Way3:1-12pp — Mk 1:3-8; Lk 3:2-17

In those days John the Baptistver 13, 14; Mt 9:14; 11:2-14; 14:1-12; Lk 1:13, 57-66; 3:2-19; Ac 19:3, 4 came, preaching in the wilderness of Judeaand saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heavenDa 7:14; Mt 4:17; 6:10; 7:21; S 25:34; Lk 11:20; 17:20, 21; 19:11; 21:31; Jn 3:3, 5; Ac 1:3, 6 has come near.”This is he who was spoken of through the prophet Isaiah:

“A voice of one calling in the wilderness,

‘Prepare the way for the Lord,

make straight paths for him.’”Isaiah 40:3Isa 40:3; Mal 3:1; Lk 1:76; Jn 1:23

John’sS Mt 3:1 clothes were made of camel’s hair, and he had a leather belt around his waist.2Ki 1:8 His food was locustsLev 11:22 and wild honey.People went out to him from Jerusalem and all Judea and the whole region of the Jordan.Confessing their sins, they were baptizedver 11; S Mk 1:4 by him in the Jordan River.

The Escape to Egypt

13 After the wise men were gone, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. “Get up! Flee to Egypt with the child and his mother,” the angel said. “Stay there until I tell you to return, because Herod is going to search for the child to kill him.”

14 That night Joseph left for Egypt with the child and Mary, his mother,15 and they stayed there until Herod’s death. This fulfilled what the Lord had spoken through the prophet: “I called my Son out of Egypt.”Hos 11:1.

16 Herod was furious when he realized that the wise men had outwitted him. He sent soldiers to kill all the boys in and around Bethlehem who were two years old and under, based on the wise men’s report of the star’s first appearance.17 Herod’s brutal action fulfilled what God had spoken through the prophet Jeremiah:

18 “A cry was heard in Ramah—

weeping and great mourning.

Rachel weeps for her children,

refusing to be comforted,

for they are dead.”Jer 31:15.

The Return to Nazareth

19 When Herod died, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt.20 “Get up!” the angel said. “Take the child and his mother back to the land of Israel, because those who were trying to kill the child are dead.”

21 So Joseph got up and returned to the land of Israel with Jesus and his mother.22 But when he learned that the new ruler of Judea was Herod’s son Archelaus, he was afraid to go there. Then, after being warned in a dream, he left for the region of Galilee.23 So the family went and lived in a town called Nazareth. This fulfilled what the prophets had said: “He will be called a Nazarene.”

John the Baptist Prepares the Way

In those days John the Baptist came to the Judean wilderness and began preaching. His message was,“Repent of your sins and turn to God, for the Kingdom of Heaven is near.Or has come, or is coming soon.The prophet Isaiah was speaking about John when he said,

“He is a voice shouting in the wilderness,

‘Prepare the way for the Lord’s coming!

Clear the road for him!’”Isa 40:3 (Greek version).

John’s clothes were woven from coarse camel hair, and he wore a leather belt around his waist. For food he ate locusts and wild honey.People from Jerusalem and from all of Judea and all over the Jordan Valley went out to see and hear John.And when they confessed their sins, he baptized them in the Jordan River.

13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.

14 When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt:

15 And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.

16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently inquired of the wise men.

17 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying,

18 In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not.

19 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,

20 Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child's life.

21 And he arose, and took the young child and his mother, and came into the land of Israel.

22 But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judaea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither: notwithstanding, being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee:

23 And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene.

In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea,

And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.

And the same John had his raiment of camel's hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey.

Then went out to him Jerusalem, and all Judaea, and all the region round about Jordan,

And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins.

Psalm 2:1-12

Psalm 2

Why do the nations conspireHebrew; Septuagint rage

and the peoples plotPs 21:11; 83:5; Pr 24:2 in vain?

The kingsPs 48:4 of the earth rise up

and the rulers band together

against the Lord and against his anointed,S 1Sa 9:16; Jn 1:41; Ac 4:25-26* saying,

“Let us break their chainsS Job 36:8

and throw off their shackles.”S 2Sa 3:34

The One enthronedIsa 37:16; 40:22; 66:1 in heaven laughs;Ps 37:13; Pr 1:26

the Lord scoffs at them.

He rebukes them in his angerPs 6:1; 27:9; 38:1

and terrifies them in his wrath,Ps 21:9; 79:6; 90:7; 110:5 saying,

“I have installed my kingPs 10:16; 24:10

on Zion,2Ki 19:31; Ps 9:11; 48:2, 11; 78:68; 110:2; 133:3 my holy mountain.S Ex 15:17

I will proclaim the Lord’s decree:

He said to me, “You are my son;S Mt 3:17; S 4:3

today I have become your father.S 2Sa 7:14; Ac 13:33*; Heb 1:5*; 5:5*

Ask me,

and I will make the nationsRev 2:26 your inheritance,S Job 22:26; Mt 21:38

the ends of the earthPs 22:27; 67:7 your possession.

You will break them with a rod of ironOr will rule them with an iron scepter (see Septuagint and Syriac);S Ge 49:10; Rev 12:5

you will dash them to piecesS Ex 15:6 like pottery.Isa 30:14; Jer 19:10; Rev 2:27*; 19:15

10 Therefore, you kings, be wise;Pr 27:11

be warned, you rulersPs 141:6; Pr 8:15; Am 2:3 of the earth.

11 Serve the Lord with fearPs 103:11

and celebrate his rulePs 9:2; 35:9; 104:34; Isa 61:10 with trembling.S 1Ch 16:30

12 Kiss his son,ver 7 or he will be angry

and your way will lead to your destruction,

for his wrathS Dt 9:8; Rev 6:16 can flare up in a moment.

BlessedPs 84:12 are all who take refugePs 5:11; 34:8; 64:10 in him.

Psalm 2

Why are the nations so angry?

Why do they waste their time with futile plans?

The kings of the earth prepare for battle;

the rulers plot together

against the Lord

and against his anointed one.

“Let us break their chains,” they cry,

“and free ourselves from slavery to God.”

But the one who rules in heaven laughs.

The Lord scoffs at them.

Then in anger he rebukes them,

terrifying them with his fierce fury.

For the Lord declares, “I have placed my chosen king on the throne

in Jerusalem,Hebrew on Zion. on my holy mountain.”

The king proclaims the Lord’s decree:

“The Lord said to me, ‘You are my son.Or Son; also in 2:12.

Today I have become your Father.Or Today I reveal you as my son.

Only ask, and I will give you the nations as your inheritance,

the whole earth as your possession.

You will breakGreek version reads rule. Compare Rev 2:27. them with an iron rod

and smash them like clay pots.’”

10 Now then, you kings, act wisely!

Be warned, you rulers of the earth!

11 Serve the Lord with reverent fear,

and rejoice with trembling.

12 Submit to God’s royal son,The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. or he will become angry,

and you will be destroyed in the midst of all your activities—

for his anger flares up in an instant.

But what joy for all who take refuge in him!

Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?

The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his anointed, saying,

Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.

He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision.

Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.

Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.

I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.

Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.

Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

10 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth.

11 Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling.

12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.

Proverbs 1:7-9

The fear of the LordS Ex 20:20; S Job 23:15; Ps 34:4-22; S 112:1; Pr 9:10; 15:33; Isa 33:6; 50:10; 59:19 is the beginning of knowledge,

but foolsThe Hebrew words rendered fool in Proverbs, and often elsewhere in the Old Testament, denote a person who is morally deficient. despise wisdomS Dt 4:6; Jer 8:9 and instruction.Pr 8:33-36; 9:7-9; 12:1; 13:18; 15:32

Prologue: Exhortations to Embrace Wisdom

Warning Against the Invitation of Sinful Men

Listen, my son,ver 8-9; Pr 2:1; 3:1; 4:1; 5:1; 6:1; 7:1; 19:27; 22:17; 23:26-28 to your father’sJer 35:8 instruction

and do not forsake your mother’s teaching.S Dt 21:18; Pr 6:20

They are a garland to grace your head

and a chain to adorn your neck.Pr 3:21-22; 4:1-9

Fear of the Lord is the foundation of true knowledge,

but fools despise wisdom and discipline.

A Father’s Exhortation: Acquire Wisdom

My child,Hebrew My son; also in 1:10, 15. listen when your father corrects you.

Don’t neglect your mother’s instruction.

What you learn from them will crown you with grace

and be a chain of honor around your neck.

The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.

My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:

For they shall be an ornament of grace unto thy head, and chains about thy neck.

Jan 1 Jan 3
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