Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

In quick succession, the gods of Egypt were challenged and defeated. Starting with the Nile (the Egyptians' primary deity), then following with the sun and the cattle, all Egypt's false gods were symbolically destroyed. The point of these ten plagues was to reveal that the "earth belongs to the Lord" (Exodus 9:29). God will share His glory with neither empires nor individuals. The hardening of Pharaoh's heart caused him to provide a setting by which God could gain a name for Himself.

David also came to the realization that "the earth is the Lord's, and everything in it" (Psalm 24:1). He continued the thought, saying, "Who is the King of glory? The Lord, strong and mighty, the Lord, invincible in battle" (v. 8).

The earth is a battleground where God displays His victory over Satan. Satan may be "the god of this evil world" (2 Corinthians 4:4), but the earth belongs to God. So claim nations as your inheritance, and challenge every god that lays claim to what God has created!

Exodus 8:1-9:35

In Hebrew texts 8:1-4 is numbered 7:26-29, and 8:5-32 is numbered 8:1-28.Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord says: Let my people go, so that they may worshipEx 3:12, 18; 4:23; 5:1; 9:1 me.If you refuse to let them go, I will send a plague of frogsPs 78:45; 105:30; Rev 16:13 on your whole country.The Nile will teem with frogs. They will come up into your palace and your bedroom and onto your bed, into the houses of your officials and on your people,Ex 10:6 and into your ovens and kneading troughs.Ex 12:34The frogs will come up on you and your people and all your officials.’”

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Stretch out your hand with your staffS Ex 4:2; 7:9-20; 9:23; 10:13, 21-22; 14:27 over the streams and canals and ponds, and make frogsS Ex 4:17 come up on the land of Egypt.’”

So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogsPs 78:45; 105:30 came up and covered the land.But the magicians did the same things by their secret arts;S Ex 7:11; S Mt 24:24 they also made frogs come up on the land of Egypt.

Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Prayver 28; Ex 9:28; 10:17; Nu 21:7; 1Sa 12:19; 1Ki 13:6; Jer 42:2; Ac 8:24 to the Lord to take the frogs away from me and my people, and I will let your people go to offer sacrificesver 25; Ex 10:8, 24; 12:31 to the Lord.”

Moses said to Pharaoh, “I leave to you the honor of setting the timeEx 9:5 for me to pray for you and your officials and your people that you and your houses may be rid of the frogs, except for those that remain in the Nile.”

10 “Tomorrow,” Pharaoh said.

Moses replied, “It will be as you say, so that you may know there is no one like the Lord our God.Ex 9:14; 15:11; Dt 3:24; 4:35; 33:26; 2Sa 7:22; 1Ki 8:23; 1Ch 17:20; 2Ch 6:14; Ps 71:19; 86:8; 89:6; 113:5; Isa 40:18; 42:8; 46:9; Jer 10:6; 49:19; Mic 7:1811 The frogs will leave you and your houses, your officials and your people; they will remain only in the Nile.”

12 After Moses and Aaron left Pharaoh, Moses cried out to the Lord about the frogs he had brought on Pharaoh.13 And the Lord did what Moses asked.Jas 5:16-18 The frogs died in the houses, in the courtyards and in the fields.14 They were piled into heaps, and the land reeked of them.15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief,Ecc 8:11 he hardened his heartS Ex 7:14 and would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the Lord had said.

The Plague of Gnats

16 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Stretch out your staffS Ex 4:2 and strike the dust of the ground,’ and throughout the land of Egypt the dust will become gnats.”17 They did this, and when Aaron stretched out his hand with the staff and struck the dust of the ground, gnatsPs 105:31 came on people and animals. All the dust throughout the land of Egypt became gnats.18 But when the magiciansEx 9:11; Da 5:8 tried to produce gnats by their secret arts,S Ex 7:11 they could not.

Since the gnats were on people and animals everywhere,19 the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the fingerEx 7:5; 10:7; 12:33; 31:18; 1Sa 6:9; Ne 9:6; Ps 8:3; 33:6; Lk 11:20 of God.” But Pharaoh’s heartS Ex 7:22 was hard and he would not listen,S Ex 7:4 just as the Lord had said.

The Plague of Flies

20 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morningEx 7:15; 9:13 and confront Pharaoh as he goes to the river and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord says: Let my people go, so that they may worshipS Ex 3:18 me.21 If you do not let my people go, I will send swarms of flies on you and your officials, on your people and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies; even the ground will be covered with them.

22 “‘But on that day I will deal differently with the land of Goshen,S Ge 45:10 where my people live;Ex 9:4, 6, 26; 10:23; 11:7; 12:13; 19:5; Dt 4:20; 7:6; 14:2; 26:18; 1Ki 8:36; Job 36:11; Ps 33:12; 135:4; Mal 3:17 no swarms of flies will be there, so that you will knowEx 7:5; 9:29 that I, the Lord, am in this land.23 I will make a distinctionSeptuagint and Vulgate; Hebrew will put a deliverance between my people and your people.Ex 9:4, 6; 10:23; 11:7; 12:13, 23, 27 This sign will occur tomorrow.’”

24 And the Lord did this. Dense swarms of flies poured into Pharaoh’s palace and into the houses of his officials; throughout Egypt the land was ruined by the flies.Ps 78:45; 105:31

25 Then Pharaoh summonedver 8; Ex 9:27; 10:16; 12:31 Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God here in the land.”

26 But Moses said, “That would not be right. The sacrifices we offer the Lord our God would be detestable to the Egyptians.S Ge 43:32 And if we offer sacrifices that are detestable in their eyes, will they not stone us?27 We must take a three-day journeyS Ge 30:36 into the wilderness to offer sacrificesS Ex 3:18 to the Lord our God, as he commands us.”

28 Pharaoh said, “I will let you go to offer sacrifices to the Lord your God in the wilderness, but you must not go very far. Now prayS ver 8; S Jer 37:3; Ac 8:24 for me.”

29 Moses answered, “As soon as I leave you, I will pray to the Lord, and tomorrow the flies will leave Pharaoh and his officials and his people. Only let Pharaoh be sure that he does not act deceitfullyver 15; Ex 9:30; 10:11; Isa 26:10 again by not letting the people go to offer sacrifices to the Lord.”

30 Then Moses left Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord,ver 12; Ex 9:33; 10:1831 and the Lord did what Moses asked. The flies left Pharaoh and his officials and his people; not a fly remained.32 But this time also Pharaoh hardened his heartS Ex 7:14 and would not let the people go.

The Plague on Livestock

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: “Let my people go, so that they may worshipS Ex 8:1 me.”If you refuse to let them go and continue to hold them back,the handEx 7:4; 1Sa 5:6; Job 13:21; Ps 32:4; 39:10; Ac 13:11 of the Lord will bring a terrible plagueLev 26:25; Ps 78:50; Am 4:10 on your livestock in the field—on your horses, donkeys and camels and on your cattle, sheep and goats.But the Lord will make a distinction between the livestock of Israel and that of Egypt,ver 26; S Ex 8:23 so that no animal belonging to the Israelites will die.’”

The Lord set a time and said, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this in the land.”And the next day the Lord did it: All the livestockver 19-21; Ex 11:5; 12:29 of the Egyptians died,Ps 78:48-50 but not one animal belonging to the Israelites died.Pharaoh investigated and found that not even one of the animals of the Israelites had died. Yet his heartS Ex 7:22 was unyielding and he would not let the people go.Ex 7:14; 8:32

The Plague of Boils

Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot from a furnace and have Moses toss it into the air in the presence of Pharaoh.It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt, and festering boilsLev 13:18, 19; Dt 28:27, 35; 2Ki 20:7; Job 2:7; Isa 38:21; Rev 16:2 will break out on people and animals throughout the land.”

10 So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh. Moses tossed it into the air, and festering boils broke out on people and animals.11 The magiciansS Ex 8:18 could not stand before Moses because of the boils that were on them and on all the Egyptians.12 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heartS Ex 4:21 and he would not listenS Ex 7:4 to Moses and Aaron, just as the Lord had said to Moses.

The Plague of Hail

13 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning, confront Pharaoh and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worshipS Ex 3:18 me,14 or this time I will send the full force of my plagues against you and against your officials and your people, so you may knowS Ex 8:10 that there is no one likeEx 15:11; 1Sa 2:2; 2Sa 7:22; 1Ki 8:23; 1Ch 17:20; Ps 35:10; 71:19; 86:8; 89:6; Isa 46:9; Jer 10:6; Mic 7:18 me in all the earth.15 For by now I could have stretched out my hand and struck you and your peopleEx 3:20 with a plague that would have wiped you off the earth.16 But I have raised you upOr have spared you for this very purpose,Pr 16:4 that I might show you my powerEx 14:4, 17, 31; Ps 20:6; 25:11; 68:28; 71:18; 106:8; 109:21; Ro 9:17* and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.17 You still set yourself against my people and will not let them go.18 Therefore, at this time tomorrow I will send the worst hailstormver 23; Jos 10:11; Ps 78:47-48; 105:32; 148:8; Isa 30:30; Eze 38:22; Hag 2:17 that has ever fallen on Egypt, from the day it was founded till now.ver 24; Ex 10:619 Give an order now to bring your livestock and everything you have in the field to a place of shelter, because the hail will fall on every person and animal that has not been brought in and is still out in the field, and they will die.’”

20 Those officials of Pharaoh who fearedPr 13:13 the word of the Lord hurried to bring their slaves and their livestock inside.21 But those who ignoredS Ge 19:14; Eze 33:4-5 the word of the Lord left their slaves and livestock in the field.

22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that hail will fall all over Egypt—on people and animals and on everything growing in the fields of Egypt.”23 When Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky, the Lord sent thunderEx 20:18; 1Sa 7:10; 12:17; Ps 18:13; 29:3; 68:33; 77:17; 104:7 and hail,S ver 18; Rev 8:7; 16:21 and lightning flashed down to the ground. So the Lord rained hail on the land of Egypt;24 hail fell and lightning flashed back and forth. It was the worst storm in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation.S ver 1825 Throughout Egypt hail struck everything in the fields—both people and animals; it beat down everything growing in the fields and stripped every tree.Ps 105:32-33; Eze 13:1326 The only place it did not hail was the land of Goshen,S ver 4; Isa 32:18-20 where the Israelites were.Ex 10:23; 11:7; 12:13; Am 4:7

27 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron. “This time I have sinned,”ver 34; Ex 10:16; Nu 14:40; Dt 1:41; Jos 7:11; Jdg 10:10; 1Sa 15:24; 24:17; 26:21 he said to them. “The Lord is in the right,Ps 11:7; 116:5; 119:137; 129:4; 145:17; Jer 12:1; La 1:18 and I and my people are in the wrong.28 PrayEx 8:8; Ac 8:24 to the Lord, for we have had enough thunder and hail. I will let you go;S Ex 8:8 you don’t have to stay any longer.”

29 Moses replied, “When I have gone out of the city, I will spread out my handsver 33; 1Ki 8:22, 38; Job 11:13; Ps 77:2; 88:9; 143:6; Isa 1:15 in prayer to the Lord. The thunder will stop and there will be no more hail, so you may know that the earthEx 19:5; Job 41:11; Ps 24:1; 50:12; 1Co 10:26 is the Lord’s.30 But I know that you and your officials still do not fearS Ex 8:29 the Lord God.”

31 (The flax and barleyDt 8:8; Ru 1:22; 2:23; 2Sa 14:30; 17:28; Isa 28:25; Eze 4:9; Joel 1:11 were destroyed, since the barley had headed and the flax was in bloom.32 The wheat and spelt,Isa 28:25 however, were not destroyed, because they ripen later.)

33 Then Moses left Pharaoh and went out of the city. He spread out his hands toward the Lord; the thunder and hail stopped, and the rain no longer poured down on the land.34 When Pharaoh saw that the rain and hail and thunder had stopped, he sinned again: He and his officials hardened their hearts.35 So Pharaoh’s heartS Ex 4:21 was hard and he would not let the Israelites go, just as the Lord had said through Moses.

A Plague of Frogs

Verses 8:1-4 are numbered 7:26-29 in Hebrew text.Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go back to Pharaoh and announce to him, ‘This is what the Lord says: Let my people go, so they can worship me.If you refuse to let them go, I will send a plague of frogs across your entire land.The Nile River will swarm with frogs. They will come up out of the river and into your palace, even into your bedroom and onto your bed! They will enter the houses of your officials and your people. They will even jump into your ovens and your kneading bowls.Frogs will jump on you, your people, and all your officials.’”

Verses 8:5-32 are numbered 8:1-28 in Hebrew text.Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Raise the staff in your hand over all the rivers, canals, and ponds of Egypt, and bring up frogs over all the land.’”So Aaron raised his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs came up and covered the whole land!But the magicians were able to do the same thing with their magic. They, too, caused frogs to come up on the land of Egypt.

Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and begged, “Plead with the Lord to take the frogs away from me and my people. I will let your people go, so they can offer sacrifices to the Lord.”

“You set the time!” Moses replied. “Tell me when you want me to pray for you, your officials, and your people. Then you and your houses will be rid of the frogs. They will remain only in the Nile River.”

10 “Do it tomorrow,” Pharaoh said.

“All right,” Moses replied, “it will be as you have said. Then you will know that there is no one like the Lord our God.11 The frogs will leave you and your houses, your officials, and your people. They will remain only in the Nile River.”

12 So Moses and Aaron left Pharaoh’s palace, and Moses cried out to the Lord about the frogs he had inflicted on Pharaoh.13 And the Lord did just what Moses had predicted. The frogs in the houses, the courtyards, and the fields all died.14 The Egyptians piled them into great heaps, and a terrible stench filled the land.15 But when Pharaoh saw that relief had come, he became stubborn.Hebrew made his heart heavy; also in 8:32. He refused to listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the Lord had predicted.

A Plague of Gnats

16 So the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Raise your staff and strike the ground. The dust will turn into swarms of gnats throughout the land of Egypt.’”17 So Moses and Aaron did just as the Lord had commanded them. When Aaron raised his hand and struck the ground with his staff, gnats infested the entire land, covering the Egyptians and their animals. All the dust in the land of Egypt turned into gnats.18 Pharaoh’s magicians tried to do the same thing with their secret arts, but this time they failed. And the gnats covered everyone, people and animals alike.

19 “This is the finger of God!” the magicians exclaimed to Pharaoh. But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard. He wouldn’t listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.

A Plague of Flies

20 Then the Lord told Moses, “Get up early in the morning and stand in Pharaoh’s way as he goes down to the river. Say to him, ‘This is what the Lord says: Let my people go, so they can worship me.21 If you refuse, then I will send swarms of flies on you, your officials, your people, and all the houses. The Egyptian homes will be filled with flies, and the ground will be covered with them.22 But this time I will spare the region of Goshen, where my people live. No flies will be found there. Then you will know that I am the Lord and that I am present even in the heart of your land.23 I will make a clear distinction betweenAs in Greek and Latin versions; Hebrew reads I will set redemption between. my people and your people. This miraculous sign will happen tomorrow.’”

24 And the Lord did just as he had said. A thick swarm of flies filled Pharaoh’s palace and the houses of his officials. The whole land of Egypt was thrown into chaos by the flies.

25 Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron. “All right! Go ahead and offer sacrifices to your God,” he said. “But do it here in this land.”

26 But Moses replied, “That wouldn’t be right. The Egyptians detest the sacrifices that we offer to the Lord our God. Look, if we offer our sacrifices here where the Egyptians can see us, they will stone us.27 We must take a three-day trip into the wilderness to offer sacrifices to the Lord our God, just as he has commanded us.”

28 “All right, go ahead,” Pharaoh replied. “I will let you go into the wilderness to offer sacrifices to the Lord your God. But don’t go too far away. Now hurry and pray for me.”

29 Moses answered, “As soon as I leave you, I will pray to the Lord, and tomorrow the swarms of flies will disappear from you and your officials and all your people. But I am warning you, Pharaoh, don’t lie to us again and refuse to let the people go to sacrifice to the Lord.”

30 So Moses left Pharaoh’s palace and pleaded with the Lord to remove all the flies.31 And the Lord did as Moses asked and caused the swarms of flies to disappear from Pharaoh, his officials, and his people. Not a single fly remained.32 But Pharaoh again became stubborn and refused to let the people go.

A Plague against Livestock

“Go back to Pharaoh,” the Lord commanded Moses. “Tell him, ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so they can worship me.If you continue to hold them and refuse to let them go,the hand of the Lord will strike all your livestock—your horses, donkeys, camels, cattle, sheep, and goats—with a deadly plague.But the Lord will again make a distinction between the livestock of the Israelites and that of the Egyptians. Not a single one of Israel’s animals will die!The Lord has already set the time for the plague to begin. He has declared that he will strike the land tomorrow.’”

And the Lord did just as he had said. The next morning all the livestock of the Egyptians died, but the Israelites didn’t lose a single animal.Pharaoh sent his officials to investigate, and they discovered that the Israelites had not lost a single animal! But even so, Pharaoh’s heart remained stubborn,Hebrew heavy. and he still refused to let the people go.

A Plague of Festering Boils

Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot from a brick kiln, and have Moses toss it into the air while Pharaoh watches.The ashes will spread like fine dust over the whole land of Egypt, causing festering boils to break out on people and animals throughout the land.”

10 So they took soot from a brick kiln and went and stood before Pharaoh. As Pharaoh watched, Moses threw the soot into the air, and boils broke out on people and animals alike.11 Even the magicians were unable to stand before Moses, because the boils had broken out on them and all the Egyptians.12 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and just as the Lord had predicted to Moses, Pharaoh refused to listen.

A Plague of Hail

13 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh. Tell him, ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so they can worship me.14 If you don’t, I will send more plagues on youHebrew on your heart. and your officials and your people. Then you will know that there is no one like me in all the earth.15 By now I could have lifted my hand and struck you and your people with a plague to wipe you off the face of the earth.16 But I have spared you for a purpose—to show you my powerGreek version reads to display my power in you; compare Rom 9:17. and to spread my fame throughout the earth.17 But you still lord it over my people and refuse to let them go.18 So tomorrow at this time I will send a hailstorm more devastating than any in all the history of Egypt.19 Quick! Order your livestock and servants to come in from the fields to find shelter. Any person or animal left outside will die when the hail falls.’”

20 Some of Pharaoh’s officials were afraid because of what the Lord had said. They quickly brought their servants and livestock in from the fields.21 But those who paid no attention to the word of the Lord left theirs out in the open.

22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Lift your hand toward the sky so hail may fall on the people, the livestock, and all the plants throughout the land of Egypt.”

23 So Moses lifted his staff toward the sky, and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and lightning flashed toward the earth. The Lord sent a tremendous hailstorm against all the land of Egypt.24 Never in all the history of Egypt had there been a storm like that, with such devastating hail and continuous lightning.25 It left all of Egypt in ruins. The hail struck down everything in the open field—people, animals, and plants alike. Even the trees were destroyed.26 The only place without hail was the region of Goshen, where the people of Israel lived.

27 Then Pharaoh quickly summoned Moses and Aaron. “This time I have sinned,” he confessed. “The Lord is the righteous one, and my people and I are wrong.28 Please beg the Lord to end this terrifying thunder and hail. We’ve had enough. I will let you go; you don’t need to stay any longer.”

29 “All right,” Moses replied. “As soon as I leave the city, I will lift my hands and pray to the Lord. Then the thunder and hail will stop, and you will know that the earth belongs to the Lord.30 But I know that you and your officials still do not fear the Lord God.”

31 (All the flax and barley were ruined by the hail, because the barley had formed heads and the flax was budding.32 But the wheat and the emmer wheat were spared, because they had not yet sprouted from the ground.)

33 So Moses left Pharaoh’s court and went out of the city. When he lifted his hands to the Lord, the thunder and hail stopped, and the downpour ceased.34 But when Pharaoh saw that the rain, hail, and thunder had stopped, he and his officials sinned again, and Pharaoh again became stubborn.Hebrew made his heart heavy.35 Because his heart was hard, Pharaoh refused to let the people leave, just as the Lord had predicted through Moses.

And the Lord spake unto Moses, Go unto Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord, Let my people go, that they may serve me.

And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs:

And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into thy kneadingtroughs:

And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants.

And the Lord spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.

And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt.

And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt.

Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Intreat the Lord, that he may take away the frogs from me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may do sacrifice unto the Lord.

And Moses said unto Pharaoh, Glory over me: when shall I intreat for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people, to destroy the frogs from thee and thy houses, that they may remain in the river only?

10 And he said, To morrow. And he said, Be it according to thy word: that thou mayest know that there is none like unto the Lord our God.

11 And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy houses, and from thy servants, and from thy people; they shall remain in the river only.

12 And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh: and Moses cried unto the Lord because of the frogs which he had brought against Pharaoh.

13 And the Lord did according to the word of Moses; and the frogs died out of the houses, out of the villages, and out of the fields.

14 And they gathered them together upon heaps: and the land stank.

15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the Lord had said.

16 And the Lord said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

17 And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice in man, and in beast; all the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

18 And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

19 Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, This is the finger of God: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as the Lord had said.

20 And the Lord said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh; lo, he cometh forth to the water; and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord, Let my people go, that they may serve me.

21 Else, if thou wilt not let my people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are.

22 And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which my people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end thou mayest know that I am the Lord in the midst of the earth.

23 And I will put a division between my people and thy people: to morrow shall this sign be.

24 And the Lord did so; and there came a grievous swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants' houses, and into all the land of Egypt: the land was corrupted by reason of the swarm of flies.

25 And Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, Go ye, sacrifice to your God in the land.

26 And Moses said, It is not meet so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to the Lord our God: lo, shall we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, and will they not stone us?

27 We will go three days' journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the Lord our God, as he shall command us.

28 And Pharaoh said, I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the Lord your God in the wilderness; only ye shall not go very far away: intreat for me.

29 And Moses said, Behold, I go out from thee, and I will intreat the Lord that the swarms of flies may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, to morrow: but let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the Lord.

30 And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the Lord.

31 And the Lord did according to the word of Moses; and he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one.

32 And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go.

Then the Lord said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith the Lord God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.

For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still,

Behold, the hand of the Lord is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.

And the Lord shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children's of Israel.

And the Lord appointed a set time, saying, To morrow the Lord shall do this thing in the land.

And the Lord did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one.

And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.

And the Lord said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh.

And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.

10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast.

11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.

12 And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the Lord had spoken unto Moses.

13 And the Lord said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.

14 For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth.

15 For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth.

16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.

17 As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them go?

18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.

19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.

20 He that feared the word of the Lord among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses:

21 And he that regarded not the word of the Lord left his servants and his cattle in the field.

22 And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch forth thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.

23 And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the Lord rained hail upon the land of Egypt.

24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.

25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.

26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail.

27 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the Lord is righteous, and I and my people are wicked.

28 Intreat the Lord (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer.

29 And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the Lord; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth is the Lord's.

30 But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye will not yet fear the Lord God.

31 And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled.

32 But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up.

33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the Lord: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth.

34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.

35 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the Lord had spoken by Moses.

Matthew 19:13-30

The Little Children and Jesus19:13-15pp — Mk 10:13-16; Lk 18:15-17

13 Then people brought little children to Jesus for him to place his hands on themS Mk 5:23 and pray for them. But the disciples rebuked them.

14 Jesus said, “Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of heaven belongsS Mt 25:34 to such as these.”Mt 18:3; 1Pe 2:215 When he had placed his hands on them, he went on from there.

The Rich and the Kingdom of God19:16-29pp — Mk 10:17-30; Lk 18:18-30

16 Just then a man came up to Jesus and asked, “Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal lifeS Mt 25:46?”Lk 10:25

17 “Why do you ask me about what is good?” Jesus replied. “There is only One who is good. If you want to enter life, keep the commandments.”Lev 18:5

18 “Which ones?” he inquired.

Jesus replied, “‘You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery,Jas 2:11 you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony,19 honor your father and mother,’Exodus 20:12-16; Deut. 5:16-20Ex 20:12-16; Dt 5:16-20 and ‘love your neighbor as yourself.’Lev. 19:18Lev 19:18; S Mt 5:43

20 “All these I have kept,” the young man said. “What do I still lack?”

21 Jesus answered, “If you want to be perfect,Mt 5:48 go, sell your possessions and give to the poor,S Ac 2:45 and you will have treasure in heaven.S Mt 6:20 Then come, follow me.”

22 When the young man heard this, he went away sad, because he had great wealth.

23 Then Jesus said to his disciples, “Truly I tell you, it is hard for someone who is richMt 13:22; 1Ti 6:9, 10 to enter the kingdom of heaven.24 Again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom of God.”

25 When the disciples heard this, they were greatly astonished and asked, “Who then can be saved?”

26 Jesus looked at them and said, “With man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”Ge 18:14; Job 42:2; Jer 32:17; Lk 1:37; 18:27; Ro 4:21

27 Peter answered him, “We have left everything to follow you!S Mt 4:19 What then will there be for us?”

28 Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne,Mt 20:21; 25:31 you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.Lk 22:28-30; Rev 3:21; 4:4; 20:429 And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wifeSome manuscripts do not have or wife. or children or fields for my sake will receive a hundred times as much and will inherit eternal life.Mt 6:33; S 25:4630 But many who are first will be last, and many who are last will be first.Mt 20:16; Mk 10:31; Lk 13:30

Jesus Blesses the Children

13 One day some parents brought their children to Jesus so he could lay his hands on them and pray for them. But the disciples scolded the parents for bothering him.

14 But Jesus said, “Let the children come to me. Don’t stop them! For the Kingdom of Heaven belongs to those who are like these children.”15 And he placed his hands on their heads and blessed them before he left.

The Rich Man

16 Someone came to Jesus with this question: “Teacher,Some manuscripts read Good Teacher. what good deed must I do to have eternal life?”

17 “Why ask me about what is good?” Jesus replied. “There is only One who is good. But to answer your question—if you want to receive eternal life, keepSome manuscripts read continue to keep. the commandments.”

18 “Which ones?” the man asked.

And Jesus replied: “‘You must not murder. You must not commit adultery. You must not steal. You must not testify falsely.19 Honor your father and mother. Love your neighbor as yourself.’Exod 20:12-16; Deut 5:16-20; Lev 19:18.

20 “I’ve obeyed all these commandments,” the young man replied. “What else must I do?”

21 Jesus told him, “If you want to be perfect, go and sell all your possessions and give the money to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.”

22 But when the young man heard this, he went away sad, for he had many possessions.

23 Then Jesus said to his disciples, “I tell you the truth, it is very hard for a rich person to enter the Kingdom of Heaven.24 I’ll say it again—it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the Kingdom of God!”

25 The disciples were astounded. “Then who in the world can be saved?” they asked.

26 Jesus looked at them intently and said, “Humanly speaking, it is impossible. But with God everything is possible.”

27 Then Peter said to him, “We’ve given up everything to follow you. What will we get?”

28 Jesus replied, “I assure you that when the world is made newOr in the regeneration. and the Son of Man“Son of Man” is a title Jesus used for himself. sits upon his glorious throne, you who have been my followers will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.29 And everyone who has given up houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or property, for my sake, will receive a hundred times as much in return and will inherit eternal life.30 But many who are the greatest now will be least important then, and those who seem least important now will be the greatest then.Greek But many who are first will be last; and the last, first.

13 Then were there brought unto him little children, that he should put his hands on them, and pray: and the disciples rebuked them.

14 But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven.

15 And he laid his hands on them, and departed thence.

16 And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.

18 He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness,

19 Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

20 The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet?

21 Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me.

22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions.

23 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.

24 And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

25 When his disciples heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved?

26 But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.

27 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have therefore?

28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

29 And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life.

30 But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first.

Psalm 24:1-10

Psalm 24

Of David. A psalm.

The earth is the Lord’s,S Ex 9:29; Job 41:11 and everything in it,

the world, and all who live in it;1Co 10:26*

for he founded it on the seas

and established it on the waters.S Ge 1:6; Ps 104:3; 2Pe 3:5

Who may ascend the mountainPs 2:6 of the Lord?

Who may stand in his holy place?Ps 15:1; 65:4

The one who has clean handsS 2Sa 22:21 and a pure heart,Ps 51:10; 73:1; Mt 5:8

who does not trust in an idolEze 18:15

or swear by a false god.Or swear falsely

They will receive blessingDt 11:26 from the Lord

and vindicationPs 17:2 from God their Savior.

Such is the generation of those who seek him,

who seek your face,Ps 27:8; 105:4; 119:58; Hos 5:15 God of Jacob.Two Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac (see also Septuagint); most Hebrew manuscripts face, JacobThe Hebrew has Selah (a word of uncertain meaning) here and at the end of verse 10.

Lift up your heads, you gates;Ps 118:19, 20; Isa 26:2; 60:11, 18; 62:10

be lifted up, you ancient doors,

that the KingPs 44:4; 74:12 of gloryPs 29:3; Ac 7:2; 1Co 2:8 may come in.Zec 9:9; Mt 21:5

Who is this King of glory?

The Lord strong and mighty,S 1Ch 29:11; Ps 89:13; Jer 50:34; Eph 6:10

the Lord mighty in battle.Ex 15:3, 6; Dt 4:34

Lift up your heads, you gates;

lift them up, you ancient doors,

that the King of glory may come in.

10 Who is he, this King of glory?

The Lord AlmightyS 1Sa 1:11

he is the King of glory.

Psalm 24

A psalm of David.

The earth is the Lord’s, and everything in it.

The world and all its people belong to him.

For he laid the earth’s foundation on the seas

and built it on the ocean depths.

Who may climb the mountain of the Lord?

Who may stand in his holy place?

Only those whose hands and hearts are pure,

who do not worship idols

and never tell lies.

They will receive the Lord’s blessing

and have a right relationship with God their savior.

Such people may seek you

and worship in your presence, O God of Jacob.As in two Hebrew manuscripts and Greek and Syriac versions; most Hebrew manuscripts read O Jacob. Interlude

Open up, ancient gates!

Open up, ancient doors,

and let the King of glory enter.

Who is the King of glory?

The Lord, strong and mighty;

the Lord, invincible in battle.

Open up, ancient gates!

Open up, ancient doors,

and let the King of glory enter.

10 Who is the King of glory?

The Lord of Heaven’s Armies—

he is the King of glory. Interlude

24 The earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.

For he hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods.

Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord? or who shall stand in his holy place?

He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.

He shall receive the blessing from the Lord, and righteousness from the God of his salvation.

This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah.

Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.

Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and mighty, the Lord mighty in battle.

Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.

10 Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, he is the King of glory. Selah.

Proverbs 6:1-5

Warnings Against Folly

My son,S Pr 1:8 if you have put up securityJob 17:3 for your neighbor,Pr 17:18

if you have shaken hands in pledgePr 11:15; 22:26-27 for a stranger,

you have been trapped by what you said,

ensnared by the words of your mouth.

So do this, my son, to free yourself,

since you have fallen into your neighbor’s hands:

Go—to the point of exhaustion—Or Go and humble yourself,

and give your neighbor no rest!

Allow no sleep to your eyes,

no slumber to your eyelids.Ps 132:4

Free yourself, like a gazelleS 2Sa 2:18 from the hand of the hunter,Isa 13:14

like a bird from the snare of the fowler.S Ps 91:3

Lessons for Daily Life

My child,Hebrew My son. if you have put up security for a friend’s debt

or agreed to guarantee the debt of a stranger—

if you have trapped yourself by your agreement

and are caught by what you said—

follow my advice and save yourself,

for you have placed yourself at your friend’s mercy.

Now swallow your pride;

go and beg to have your name erased.

Don’t put it off; do it now!

Don’t rest until you do.

Save yourself like a gazelle escaping from a hunter,

like a bird fleeing from a net.

My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, if thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger,

Thou art snared with the words of thy mouth, thou art taken with the words of thy mouth.

Do this now, my son, and deliver thyself, when thou art come into the hand of thy friend; go, humble thyself, and make sure thy friend.

Give not sleep to thine eyes, nor slumber to thine eyelids.

Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand of the hunter, and as a bird from the hand of the fowler.

Jan 28 Jan 30
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