Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

The story of Lot is a chronicle of the search for the "wide gate," symbolizing the luxuries and pleasures of the world. Lot's eyes were distracted from purity by viewing the pastures of the well-watered plain of Sodom. From living in the valley, to pitching his tent near Sodom, to living in the city, to city rulership in the gate of Sodom- the pitiful progression of distraction continued.

How easy it is to fall deeper and deeper into the lure of the world! "Everybody's doing it" is a statement from a person sure to be heading down the broad way that leads to destruction. Satan's payoff for Lot's compromise was to give him a cave instead of a castle, incestuous daughters instead of his wife, poverty instead of position.

The opposite was true of Abraham, who chose the "narrow gate." His unswerving desire to please God resulted in his gaining favor with God. He was a part of the chosen few, and his intercession with God for Lot is a classic example of his reward.

Stay in the "narrow way." Neither you nor your children will ever regret it.

Genesis 18:16-19:38

Abraham Pleads for Sodom

16 When the menS ver 2 got up to leave, they looked down toward Sodom, and Abraham walked along with them to see them on their way.17 Then the Lord said, “Shall I hide from AbrahamAm 3:7 what I am about to do?Ge 19:24; Job 1:16; Ps 107:3418 Abraham will surely become a great and powerful nation,S Ge 12:2; Gal 3:8* and all nations on earth will be blessed through him.Or will use his name in blessings (see 48:20)19 For I have chosen himGe 17:9, so that he will direct his childrenDt 4:9-10; 6:7 and his household after him to keep the way of the LordJos 24:15; Eph 6:4 by doing what is right and just,Ge 22:12, 18; 26:5; 2Sa 8:15; Ps 17:2; 99:4; Jer 23:5 so that the Lord will bring about for Abraham what he has promised him.”S Ge 16:11; S Isa 14:1

20 Then the Lord said, “The outcry against SodomIsa 1:10; Jer 23:14; Eze 16:46 and Gomorrah is so greatGe 19:13 and their sin so grievousS Ge 13:1321 that I will go downS Ge 11:5 and see if what they have done is as bad as the outcry that has reached me. If not, I will know.”

22 The menS ver 2 turned away and went toward Sodom,Ge 19:1 but Abraham remained standing before the Lord.Masoretic Text; an ancient Hebrew scribal tradition but the Lord remained standing before Abrahamver 1; Ge 19:2723 Then Abraham approached him and said: “Will you sweep away the righteous with the wicked?Ex 23:7; Lev 4:3, 22, 27; Nu 16:22; Dt 27:25; 2Sa 24:17; Ps 11:4-7; 94:21; Eze 18:4; 2Pe 2:924 What if there are fifty righteous people in the city? Will you really sweep it away and not spareOr forgive; also in verse 26 the place for the sake of the fifty righteous people in it?ver 26; Jer 5:125 Far be it from you to do such a thingGe 44:7, 17; Dt 32:4; Job 8:3-7; 34:10—to kill the righteous with the wicked, treating the righteousIsa 5:20; Am 5:15; Mal 2:17; 3:18 and the wicked alike.Dt 1:16-17 Far be it from you! Will not the JudgeJdg 11:27; Job 9:15; Ps 7:11; 94:2; Heb 12:23 of all the earth do right?”Ge 20:4; Dt 32:4; 2Ch 19:7; Ezr 9:15; Ne 9:33; Job 8:3, 20; 34:10; 36:23; Ps 58:11; 75:7; 94:2; 119:137; Isa 3:10-11; Eze 18:25; Da 4:37; 9:14; Mal 2:17; Ro 3:6

26 The Lord said, “If I find fifty righteous people in the city of Sodom, I will spare the whole place for their sake.S ver 24

27 Then Abraham spoke up again: “Now that I have been so bold as to speak to the Lord, though I am nothing but dust and ashes,S Ge 2:7; S Job 2:828 what if the number of the righteous is five less than fifty? Will you destroy the whole city for lack of five people?”

“If I find forty-five there,” he said, “I will not destroy it.”

29 Once again he spoke to him, “What if only forty are found there?”

He said, “For the sake of forty, I will not do it.”

30 Then he said, “May the Lord not be angry,ver 32; Ge 44:18; Ex 32:22 but let me speak. What if only thirty can be found there?”

He answered, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.”

31 Abraham said, “Now that I have been so bold as to speak to the Lord, what if only twenty can be found there?”

He said, “For the sake of twenty, I will not destroy it.”

32 Then he said, “May the Lord not be angry, but let me speak just once more.S ver 30; Jdg 6:39 What if only ten can be found there?”

He answered, “For the sake of ten,Jer 5:1 I will not destroy it.”

33 When the Lord had finished speakingEx 31:18 with Abraham, he left,S Ge 17:22 and Abraham returned home.Ge 31:55

Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed

19 The two angelsS Ge 18:2; Heb 13:2 arrived at SodomGe 18:22 in the evening, and LotS Ge 11:27 was sitting in the gateway of the city.S Ge 18:1 When he saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face to the ground.S Ge 17:3; 48:12; Ru 2:10; 1Sa 25:23; 2Sa 14:33; 2Ki 2:15“My lords,” he said, “please turn aside to your servant’s house. You can wash your feetS Ge 18:4; Lk 7:44 and spend the night and then go on your way early in the morning.”

“No,” they answered, “we will spend the night in the square.”Jdg 19:15, 20

But he insistedGe 33:11 so strongly that they did go with him and entered his house.Job 31:32 He prepared a meal for them, baking bread without yeast,Ex 12:39 and they ate.S Ge 18:6Before they had gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of SodomS Ge 13:13—both young and old—surrounded the house.They called to Lot, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so that we can have sex with them.”S Ge 13:13; Lev 18:22; Dt 23:18; Jdg 19:22; Ro 1:24-27

Lot went outside to meet themJdg 19:23 and shut the door behind himand said, “No, my friends. Don’t do this wicked thing.Look, I have two daughters who have never slept with a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do what you like with them. But don’t do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection of my roof.”Jdg 19:24; 2Pe 2:7-8

“Get out of our way,” they replied. “This fellow came here as a foreigner,Ge 23:4 and now he wants to play the judge!S Ge 13:8; Ac 7:27 We’ll treat you worse than them.” They kept bringing pressure on Lot and moved forward to break down the door.

10 But the menS Ge 18:2 inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house and shut the door.11 Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, young and old, with blindnessDt 28:28-29; 2Ki 6:18; Ac 13:11 so that they could not find the door.

12 The two men said to Lot, “Do you have anyone else here—sons-in-law, sons or daughters, or anyone else in the city who belongs to you?S Ge 6:18 Get them out of here,13 because weEx 12:29; 2Sa 24:16; 2Ki 19:35; 1Ch 21:12; 2Ch 32:21 are going to destroy this place. The outcry to the Lord against its people is so greatGe 18:20 that he has sent us to destroy it.”1Ch 21:15; Ps 78:49; Jer 21:12; 25:18; 44:22; 51:45

14 So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marryOr were married to his daughters. He said, “Hurry and get out of this place, because the Lord is about to destroy the city!Nu 16:21; Rev 18:4” But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.Ex 9:21; 1Ki 13:18; Jer 5:12; 43:2; Lk 17:28

15 With the coming of dawn, the angels urged Lot, saying, “Hurry! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept awayNu 16:26; Job 21:18; Ps 58:9; 73:19; 90:5 when the city is punished.Rev 18:4

16 When he hesitated, the men grasped his hand and the hands of his wife and of his two daughters2Pe 2:7 and led them safely out of the city, for the Lord was merciful to them.Ex 34:6; Ps 33:18-1917 As soon as they had brought them out, one of them said, “Flee for your lives!1Ki 19:3; Jer 48:6 Don’t look back,ver 26 and don’t stop anywhere in the plain!S Ge 13:12 Flee to the mountainsS ver 19; S Ge 14:10; Mt 24:16 or you will be swept away!”

18 But Lot said to them, “No, my lords,Or No, Lord; or No, my lord please!19 YourThe Hebrew is singular. servant has found favor in yourThe Hebrew is singular. eyes,S Ge 6:8; S 18:3 and youThe Hebrew is singular. have shown great kindnessGe 24:12; 39:21; 40:14; 47:29; Ru 1:8; 2:20; 3:10 to me in sparing my life. But I can’t flee to the mountains;S ver 17, 30 this disaster will overtake me, and I’ll die.20 Look, here is a town near enough to run to, and it is small. Let me flee to it—it is very small, isn’t it? Then my life will be spared.”

21 He said to him, “Very well, I will grant this request1Sa 25:35; 2Sa 14:8; Job 42:9 too; I will not overthrow the town you speak of.22 But flee there quickly, because I cannot do anything until you reach it.” (That is why the town was called Zoar.Zoar means small.S Ge 13:10)

23 By the time Lot reached Zoar,S Ge 13:10 the sun had risen over the land.24 Then the Lord rained down burning sulfurJob 18:15; Ps 11:6; Isa 30:33; 34:9; Eze 38:22 on Sodom and GomorrahDt 29:23; Isa 1:9; 13:19; Jer 49:18; 50:40; Am 4:11—from the Lord out of the heavens.S Ge 18:17; S Lev 10:2; S Mt 10:15; Lk 17:2925 Thus he overthrew those citiesS ver 24; Eze 26:16; Zep 3:8; Hag 2:22 and the entire plain,S Ge 13:12 destroying all those living in the cities—and also the vegetation in the land.Ps 107:34; Isa 1:10; Jer 20:16; 23:14; La 4:6; Eze 16:4826 But Lot’s wife looked back,S ver 17 and she became a pillar of salt.Lk 17:32

27 Early the next morning Abraham got up and returned to the place where he had stood before the Lord.Ge 18:2228 He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, toward all the land of the plain, and he saw dense smoke rising from the land, like smoke from a furnace.Ge 15:17; Ex 19:18; Rev 9:2; 18:9

29 So when God destroyed the cities of the plain,S Ge 13:12 he rememberedS Ge 8:1 Abraham, and he brought Lot out of the catastrophe2Pe 2:7 that overthrew the cities where Lot had lived.Ge 14:12; Eze 14:16

Lot and His Daughters

30 Lot and his two daughters left Zoarver 22; S Ge 13:10 and settled in the mountains,S ver 19; S Ge 14:10 for he was afraid to stay in Zoar. He and his two daughters lived in a cave.31 One day the older daughter said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man around here to give us children—as is the custom all over the earth.32 Let’s get our father to drink wine and then sleep with him and preserve our family lineS Ge 16:2 through our father.”ver 34, 36; Ge 38:18

33 That night they got their father to drink wine, and the older daughter went in and slept with him. He was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.ver 35

34 The next day the older daughter said to the younger, “Last night I slept with my father. Let’s get him to drink wine again tonight, and you go in and sleep with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.”S ver 3235 So they got their father to drink wineGe 9:21 that night also, and the younger daughter went in and slept with him. Again he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.ver 33

36 So both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father.S ver 3237 The older daughter had a son, and she named him MoabMoab sounds like the Hebrew for from father.;Ge 36:35; Ex 15:15; Nu 25:1; Isa 15:1; 25:10; Jer 25:21; 48:1; Eze 25:8; Zep 2:9 he is the father of the MoabitesNu 22:4; 24:17; Dt 2:9; Jdg 3:28; Ru 1:4, 22; 1Sa 14:47; 22:3-4; 2Sa 8:2; 2Ki 1:1; 3:4; Ezr 9:1; Ps 108:9; Jer 48:1 of today.38 The younger daughter also had a son, and she named him Ben-AmmiBen-Ammi means son of my father’s people.; he is the father of the AmmonitesHebrew Bene-AmmonNu 21:24; Dt 2:19; 23:3; Jos 12:2; Jdg 3:13; 10:6, 7; 1Sa 11:1-11; 14:47; 1Ch 19:1; 2Ch 20:23; 26:8; 27:5; Ne 2:19; 4:3; Jer 25:21; 40:14; 49:1; Eze 21:28; 25:2; Am 1:13 of today.

Abraham Intercedes for Sodom

16 Then the men got up from their meal and looked out toward Sodom. As they left, Abraham went with them to send them on their way.

17 “Should I hide my plan from Abraham?” the Lord asked.18 “For Abraham will certainly become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed through him.19 I have singled him out so that he will direct his sons and their families to keep the way of the Lord by doing what is right and just. Then I will do for Abraham all that I have promised.”

20 So the Lord told Abraham, “I have heard a great outcry from Sodom and Gomorrah, because their sin is so flagrant.21 I am going down to see if their actions are as wicked as I have heard. If not, I want to know.”

22 The other men turned and headed toward Sodom, but the Lord remained with Abraham.23 Abraham approached him and said, “Will you sweep away both the righteous and the wicked?24 Suppose you find fifty righteous people living there in the city—will you still sweep it away and not spare it for their sakes?25 Surely you wouldn’t do such a thing, destroying the righteous along with the wicked. Why, you would be treating the righteous and the wicked exactly the same! Surely you wouldn’t do that! Should not the Judge of all the earth do what is right?”

26 And the Lord replied, “If I find fifty righteous people in Sodom, I will spare the entire city for their sake.”

27 Then Abraham spoke again. “Since I have begun, let me speak further to my Lord, even though I am but dust and ashes.28 Suppose there are only forty-five righteous people rather than fifty? Will you destroy the whole city for lack of five?”

And the Lord said, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five righteous people there.”

29 Then Abraham pressed his request further. “Suppose there are only forty?”

And the Lord replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the forty.”

30 “Please don’t be angry, my Lord,” Abraham pleaded. “Let me speak—suppose only thirty righteous people are found?”

And the Lord replied, “I will not destroy it if I find thirty.”

31 Then Abraham said, “Since I have dared to speak to the Lord, let me continue—suppose there are only twenty?”

And the Lord replied, “Then I will not destroy it for the sake of the twenty.”

32 Finally, Abraham said, “Lord, please don’t be angry with me if I speak one more time. Suppose only ten are found there?”

And the Lord replied, “Then I will not destroy it for the sake of the ten.”

33 When the Lord had finished his conversation with Abraham, he went on his way, and Abraham returned to his tent.

Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed

19 That evening the two angels came to the entrance of the city of Sodom. Lot was sitting there, and when he saw them, he stood up to meet them. Then he welcomed them and bowed with his face to the ground.“My lords,” he said, “come to my home to wash your feet, and be my guests for the night. You may then get up early in the morning and be on your way again.”

“Oh no,” they replied. “We’ll just spend the night out here in the city square.”

But Lot insisted, so at last they went home with him. Lot prepared a feast for them, complete with fresh bread made without yeast, and they ate.But before they retired for the night, all the men of Sodom, young and old, came from all over the city and surrounded the house.They shouted to Lot, “Where are the men who came to spend the night with you? Bring them out to us so we can have sex with them!”

So Lot stepped outside to talk to them, shutting the door behind him.“Please, my brothers,” he begged, “don’t do such a wicked thing.Look, I have two virgin daughters. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do with them as you wish. But please, leave these men alone, for they are my guests and are under my protection.”

“Stand back!” they shouted. “This fellow came to town as an outsider, and now he’s acting like our judge! We’ll treat you far worse than those other men!” And they lunged toward Lot to break down the door.

10 But the two angelsHebrew men; also in 19:12, 16. reached out, pulled Lot into the house, and bolted the door.11 Then they blinded all the men, young and old, who were at the door of the house, so they gave up trying to get inside.

12 Meanwhile, the angels questioned Lot. “Do you have any other relatives here in the city?” they asked. “Get them out of this place—your sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or anyone else.13 For we are about to destroy this city completely. The outcry against this place is so great it has reached the Lord, and he has sent us to destroy it.”

14 So Lot rushed out to tell his daughters’ fiancés, “Quick, get out of the city! The Lord is about to destroy it.” But the young men thought he was only joking.

15 At dawn the next morning the angels became insistent. “Hurry,” they said to Lot. “Take your wife and your two daughters who are here. Get out right now, or you will be swept away in the destruction of the city!”

16 When Lot still hesitated, the angels seized his hand and the hands of his wife and two daughters and rushed them to safety outside the city, for the Lord was merciful.17 When they were safely out of the city, one of the angels ordered, “Run for your lives! And don’t look back or stop anywhere in the valley! Escape to the mountains, or you will be swept away!”

18 “Oh no, my lord!” Lot begged.19 “You have been so gracious to me and saved my life, and you have shown such great kindness. But I cannot go to the mountains. Disaster would catch up to me there, and I would soon die.20 See, there is a small village nearby. Please let me go there instead; don’t you see how small it is? Then my life will be saved.”

21 “All right,” the angel said, “I will grant your request. I will not destroy the little village.22 But hurry! Escape to it, for I can do nothing until you arrive there.” (This explains why that village was known as Zoar, which means “little place.”)

23 Lot reached the village just as the sun was rising over the horizon.24 Then the Lord rained down fire and burning sulfur from the sky on Sodom and Gomorrah.25 He utterly destroyed them, along with the other cities and villages of the plain, wiping out all the people and every bit of vegetation.26 But Lot’s wife looked back as she was following behind him, and she turned into a pillar of salt.

27 Abraham got up early that morning and hurried out to the place where he had stood in the Lord’s presence.28 He looked out across the plain toward Sodom and Gomorrah and watched as columns of smoke rose from the cities like smoke from a furnace.

29 But God had listened to Abraham’s request and kept Lot safe, removing him from the disaster that engulfed the cities on the plain.

Lot and His Daughters

30 Afterward Lot left Zoar because he was afraid of the people there, and he went to live in a cave in the mountains with his two daughters.31 One day the older daughter said to her sister, “There are no men left anywhere in this entire area, so we can’t get married like everyone else. And our father will soon be too old to have children.32 Come, let’s get him drunk with wine, and then we will have sex with him. That way we will preserve our family line through our father.”

33 So that night they got him drunk with wine, and the older daughter went in and had intercourse with her father. He was unaware of her lying down or getting up again.

34 The next morning the older daughter said to her younger sister, “I had sex with our father last night. Let’s get him drunk with wine again tonight, and you go in and have sex with him. That way we will preserve our family line through our father.”35 So that night they got him drunk with wine again, and the younger daughter went in and had intercourse with him. As before, he was unaware of her lying down or getting up again.

36 As a result, both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their own father.37 When the older daughter gave birth to a son, she named him Moab.Moab sounds like a Hebrew term that means “from father.” He became the ancestor of the nation now known as the Moabites.38 When the younger daughter gave birth to a son, she named him Ben-ammi.Ben-ammi means “son of my kinsman.” He became the ancestor of the nation now known as the Ammonites.

16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.

17 And the Lord said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;

18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?

19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.

20 And the Lord said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.

22 And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the Lord.

23 And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

24 Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?

25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

26 And the Lord said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.

27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and ashes:

28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, If I find there forty and five, I will not destroy it.

29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for forty's sake.

30 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there.

31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for twenty's sake.

32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten's sake.

33 And the Lord went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.

19 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;

And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night.

And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.

But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter:

And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them.

And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him,

And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly.

Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.

And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.

10 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door.

11 And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door.

12 And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place:

13 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the Lord; and the Lord hath sent us to destroy it.

14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the Lord will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.

15 And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city.

16 And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the Lord being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.

17 And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.

18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord:

19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die:

20 Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.

21 And he said unto him, See, I have accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.

22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do anything till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.

23 The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.

24 Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven;

25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.

26 But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.

27 And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where he stood before the Lord:

28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.

29 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.

30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.

31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:

32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.

33 And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.

34 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.

35 And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.

36 Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father.

37 And the first born bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites unto this day.

38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.

Matthew 6:25-7:14

Do Not Worry6:25-33pp — Lk 12:22-31

25 “Therefore I tell you, do not worryver 27, 28, 31, 34; Lk 10:41; 12:11, 22 about your life, what you will eat or drink; or about your body, what you will wear. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothes?26 Look at the birds of the air; they do not sow or reap or store away in barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them.Job 38:41; Ps 104:21; 136:25; 145:15; 147:9 Are you not much more valuable than they?Mt 10:29-3127 Can any one of you by worrying add a single hour to your lifeOr single cubit to your height?Ps 39:5

28 “And why do you worry about clothes? See how the flowers of the field grow. They do not labor or spin.29 Yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his splendor1Ki 10:4-7 was dressed like one of these.30 If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much more clothe you—you of little faith?Mt 8:26; 14:31; 16:8; Lk 12:2831 So do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’32 For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them.ver 833 But seek first his kingdomS Mt 3:2 and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.Ps 37:4; Mt 19:2934 Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.

Judging Others7:3-5pp — Lk 6:41, 42

“Do not judge, or you too will be judged.Lk 6:37; Ro 14:4, 10, 13; 1Co 4:5; 5:12; Jas 4:11, 12For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.Eze 35:11; Mk 4:24; Lk 6:38; Ro 2:1

“Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye?How can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when all the time there is a plank in your own eye?You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.

“Do not give dogs what is sacred; do not throw your pearls to pigs. If you do, they may trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces.

Ask, Seek, Knock7:7-11pp — Lk 11:9-13

“Ask and it will be given to you;1Ki 3:5; Mt 18:19; 21:22; Jn 14:13, 14; 15:7, 16; 16:23, 24; Jas 1:5-8; 4:2, 3; 5:16; 1Jn 3:22; 5:14, 15 seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you.For everyone who asks receives; the one who seeks finds;Pr 8:17; Jer 29:12, 13 and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened.

“Which of you, if your son asks for bread, will give him a stone?10 Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a snake?11 If you, then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give good giftsJas 1:17 to those who ask him!12 So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you,Lk 6:31 for this sums up the Law and the Prophets.Ro 13:8-10; Gal 5:14

The Narrow and Wide Gates

13 “Enter through the narrow gate.Lk 13:24; Jn 10:7, 9 For wide is the gate and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through it.14 But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.

25 “That is why I tell you not to worry about everyday life—whether you have enough food and drink, or enough clothes to wear. Isn’t life more than food, and your body more than clothing?26 Look at the birds. They don’t plant or harvest or store food in barns, for your heavenly Father feeds them. And aren’t you far more valuable to him than they are?27 Can all your worries add a single moment to your life?

28 “And why worry about your clothing? Look at the lilies of the field and how they grow. They don’t work or make their clothing,29 yet Solomon in all his glory was not dressed as beautifully as they are.30 And if God cares so wonderfully for wildflowers that are here today and thrown into the fire tomorrow, he will certainly care for you. Why do you have so little faith?

31 “So don’t worry about these things, saying, ‘What will we eat? What will we drink? What will we wear?’32 These things dominate the thoughts of unbelievers, but your heavenly Father already knows all your needs.33 Seek the Kingdom of GodSome manuscripts do not include of God. above all else, and live righteously, and he will give you everything you need.

34 “So don’t worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will bring its own worries. Today’s trouble is enough for today.

Do Not Judge Others

“Do not judge others, and you will not be judged.For you will be treated as you treat others.Or For God will judge you as you judge others. The standard you use in judging is the standard by which you will be judged.Or The measure you give will be the measure you get back.

“And why worry about a speck in your friend’s eyeGreek your brother’s eye; also in 7:5. when you have a log in your own?How can you think of saying to your friend,Greek your brother. ‘Let me help you get rid of that speck in your eye,’ when you can’t see past the log in your own eye?Hypocrite! First get rid of the log in your own eye; then you will see well enough to deal with the speck in your friend’s eye.

“Don’t waste what is holy on people who are unholy.Greek Don’t give the sacred to dogs. Don’t throw your pearls to pigs! They will trample the pearls, then turn and attack you.

Effective Prayer

“Keep on asking, and you will receive what you ask for. Keep on seeking, and you will find. Keep on knocking, and the door will be opened to you.For everyone who asks, receives. Everyone who seeks, finds. And to everyone who knocks, the door will be opened.

“You parents—if your children ask for a loaf of bread, do you give them a stone instead?10 Or if they ask for a fish, do you give them a snake? Of course not!11 So if you sinful people know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give good gifts to those who ask him.

The Golden Rule

12 “Do to others whatever you would like them to do to you. This is the essence of all that is taught in the law and the prophets.

The Narrow Gate

13 “You can enter God’s Kingdom only through the narrow gate. The highway to hellGreek The road that leads to destruction. is broad, and its gate is wide for the many who choose that way.14 But the gateway to life is very narrow and the road is difficult, and only a few ever find it.

25 Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment?

26 Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?

27 Which of you by taking thought can add one cubit unto his stature?

28 And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin:

29 And yet I say unto you, That even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.

30 Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to day is, and to morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith?

31 Therefore take no thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed?

32 (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.

33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.

34 Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof.

Judge not, that ye be not judged.

For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.

And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?

Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye?

Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother's eye.

Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.

Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you:

For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.

Or what man is there of you, whom if his son ask bread, will he give him a stone?

10 Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent?

11 If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?

12 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.

13 Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat:

14 Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.

Psalm 8:1-9

Psalm 8In Hebrew texts 8:1-9 is numbered 8:2-10.

For the director of music. According to gittith.Title: Probably a musical term A psalm of David.

Lord, our Lord,

how majestic is your nameS 1Ch 16:10 in all the earth!

You have set your gloryS Ex 15:11; Lk 2:9

in the heavens.Ps 57:5; 108:5; 113:4; 148:13; Hab 3:3

Through the praise of children and infants

you have established a strongholdMt 21:16* against your enemies,

to silence the foePs 143:12 and the avenger.

When I consider your heavens,S Ge 15:5; S Dt 10:14

the work of your fingers,S Ex 8:19; S 1Ch 16:26; S 2Ch 2:12; Ps 102:25

the moon and the stars,S Ge 1:16; 1Co 15:41

which you have set in place,

what is mankind that you are mindful of them,

human beings that you care for them?Or what is a human being that you are mindful of him, / a son of man that you care for him?S 1Ch 29:14

You have made themOr him a little lower than the angelsOr than GodS Ge 1:26

and crowned themOr him with glory and honor.Ps 21:5; 103:4

You made them rulersS Ge 1:28 over the works of your hands;S Job 10:3; Ps 19:1; 102:25; 145:10; Isa 26:12; 29:23; 45:11; Heb 1:10

you put everything under theirOr made him ruler . . . ; / . . . his feet:S 1Ki 5:3; 1Co 15:25, 27*; Eph 1:22; Heb 2:6-8*

all flocks and herds,Ge 13:5; 26:14

and the animals of the wild,S Ge 2:19

the birds in the sky,

and the fish in the sea,Ge 1:26

all that swim the paths of the seas.

Lord, our Lord,

how majestic is your name in all the earth!ver 1

Psalm 8

For the choir director: A psalm of David, to be accompanied by a stringed instrument.Hebrew according to the gittith.

O Lord, our Lord, your majestic name fills the earth!

Your glory is higher than the heavens.

You have taught children and infants

to tell of your strength,Greek version reads to give you praise. Compare Matt 21:16.

silencing your enemies

and all who oppose you.

When I look at the night sky and see the work of your fingers—

the moon and the stars you set in place—

what are mere mortals that you should think about them,

human beings that you should care for them?Hebrew what is man that you should think of him, / the son of man that you should care for him?

Yet you made them only a little lower than GodOr Yet you made them only a little lower than the angels; Hebrew reads Yet you made him [i.e., man] a little lower than Elohim.

and crowned themHebrew him [i.e., man]; similarly in 8:6. with glory and honor.

You gave them charge of everything you made,

putting all things under their authority—

the flocks and the herds

and all the wild animals,

the birds in the sky, the fish in the sea,

and everything that swims the ocean currents.

O Lord, our Lord, your majestic name fills the earth!

O Lord, our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens.

Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger.

When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour.

Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet:

All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field;

The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas.

O Lord our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth!

Proverbs 2:6-15

For the Lord gives wisdom;S Job 12:13; S Ps 119:34

from his mouth come knowledge and understanding.S Job 9:4; S 22:22

He holds success in store for the upright,

he is a shieldS Ge 15:1; Pr 30:5-6 to those whose walk is blameless,S Ge 6:9; Ps 84:11

for he guards the course of the just

and protects the way of his faithful ones.1Sa 2:9; S Ps 18:25; S 97:10

Then you will understandS Dt 1:16 what is right and just

and fair—every good path.

10 For wisdom will enter your heart,Pr 14:33

and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul.

11 Discretion will protect you,

and understanding will guard you.Pr 4:6

12 Wisdom will savever 16; Pr 3:13-18; 4:5 you from the ways of wicked men,

from men whose words are perverse,

13 who have left the straight paths

to walk in dark ways,Pr 4:19

14 who delight in doing wrong

and rejoice in the perverseness of evil,Pr 10:23; 15:21

15 whose paths are crookedS Ps 125:5

and who are devious in their ways.Pr 21:8

For the Lord grants wisdom!

From his mouth come knowledge and understanding.

He grants a treasure of common sense to the honest.

He is a shield to those who walk with integrity.

He guards the paths of the just

and protects those who are faithful to him.

Then you will understand what is right, just, and fair,

and you will find the right way to go.

10 For wisdom will enter your heart,

and knowledge will fill you with joy.

11 Wise choices will watch over you.

Understanding will keep you safe.

12 Wisdom will save you from evil people,

from those whose words are twisted.

13 These men turn from the right way

to walk down dark paths.

14 They take pleasure in doing wrong,

and they enjoy the twisted ways of evil.

15 Their actions are crooked,

and their ways are wrong.

For the Lord giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding.

He layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous: he is a buckler to them that walk uprightly.

He keepeth the paths of judgment, and preserveth the way of his saints.

Then shalt thou understand righteousness, and judgment, and equity; yea, every good path.

10 When wisdom entereth into thine heart, and knowledge is pleasant unto thy soul;

11 Discretion shall preserve thee, understanding shall keep thee:

12 To deliver thee from the way of the evil man, from the man that speaketh froward things;

13 Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness;

14 Who rejoice to do evil, and delight in the frowardness of the wicked;

15 Whose ways are crooked, and they froward in their paths:

Jan 7 Jan 9
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