Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

No more awesome sight has ever occurred in history than when Mount Sinai began to shake and tremble under the power of God. Paul records, "Moses himself was so frightened at the sight that he said, ‘I am terrified and trembling' " (Hebrews 12:21). The entire mountain was covered with "flaming fire, darkness, gloom, and whirlwind" (v. 18). In addition, all the people "heard an awesome trumpet blast and a voice with a message so terrible that they begged God to stop speaking" (v. 19). This frightening demonstration of sound effects and raw power made even the bravest soul tremble and was intended to bring the Israelites to an unforgettable sense of reverence and godly fear.

Paul said, "Let us be thankful and please God by worshiping him with holy fear and awe. For our God is a consuming fire" (Hebrews 12:28-29). In worship, we do not approach a physical mountain, but we come to the eternal mountain of God: Zion, "the heavenly Jerusalem" (v. 22).

One day we will stand before God Himself, the One who moves mountains. In the meantime, let us heed the words of the psalmist:

"Tremble, O earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Israel" (Psalm 114:7).

Ezekiel 31:1-32:32

Pharaoh as a Felled Cedar of Lebanon

31 In the eleventh year,Jer 52:5 in the third month on the first day, the word of the Lord came to me:S Eze 30:20; 32:17“Son of man, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his hordes:

“‘Who can be compared with you in majesty?

Consider Assyria,S Jer 50:18 once a cedar in Lebanon,S 2Ki 19:23; Hab 2:17; Zec 11:1

with beautiful branches overshadowing the forest;

it towered on high,

its top above the thick foliage.Isa 10:34; S Eze 19:11

The watersEze 17:7 nourished it,

deep springs made it grow tall;

their streams flowed

all around its base

and sent their channels

to all the trees of the field.Da 4:10

So it towered higherver 10

than all the trees of the field;

its boughs increased

and its branches grew long,

spreading because of abundant waters.S Nu 24:6; S Eze 17:5

All the birds of the sky

nested in its boughs,

all the animals of the wild

gave birthS Ge 31:7-9 under its branches;

all the great nations

lived in its shade.S Eze 17:23; S Mt 13:32

It was majestic in beauty,

with its spreading boughs,

for its roots went down

to abundant waters.S Job 14:9

The cedarsPs 80:10 in the garden of God

could not rival it,

nor could the junipers

equal its boughs,

nor could the plane treesS Ge 30:37

compare with its branches—

no tree in the garden of God

could match its beauty.Ge 2:8-9

I made it beautiful

with abundant branches,

the envy of all the trees of EdenS Ge 2:8

in the garden of God.S Ge 13:10; Eze 28:13

10 “‘Therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says: Because the great cedar towered over the thick foliage, and because it was proudS Isa 2:11; S 14:13-14; S Eze 28:17 of its height,11 I gave it into the hands of the ruler of the nations, for him to deal with according to its wickedness. I cast it aside,Da 5:2012 and the most ruthless of foreign nationsS Eze 28:7 cut it down and left it. Its boughs fell on the mountains and in all the valleys;Eze 32:5; 35:8 its branches lay broken in all the ravines of the land. All the nations of the earth came out from under its shade and left it.Eze 32:11-12; Da 4:1413 All the birds settled on the fallen tree, and all the wild animals lived among its branches.S Isa 18:6; S Eze 29:5; 32:414 Therefore no other trees by the waters are ever to tower proudly on high, lifting their tops above the thick foliage. No other trees so well-watered are ever to reach such a height; they are all destinedS Ps 49:14 for death,S Ps 82:7 for the earth below, among mortals who go down to the realm of the dead.S Nu 14:11; Ps 63:9; S Eze 26:20; 32:24

15 “‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: On the day it was brought down to the realm of the dead I covered the deep springs with mourning for it; I held back its streams, and its abundant waters were restrained. Because of it I clothed Lebanon with gloom, and all the trees of the field withered away.S 2Sa 1:2116 I made the nations trembleS Jer 49:21 at the sound of its fall when I brought it down to the realm of the dead to be with those who go down to the pit. Then all the treesS Isa 14:8 of Eden,S Ge 2:8 the choicest and best of Lebanon, the well-watered trees, were consoledS Eze 14:22 in the earth below.S Isa 14:15; Eze 32:1817 They too, like the great cedar, had gone down to the realm of the dead, to those killed by the sword,Ps 9:17 along with the armed men who lived in its shade among the nations.

18 “‘Which of the trees of Eden can be compared with you in splendor and majesty? Yet you, too, will be brought down with the trees of Eden to the earth below; you will lie among the uncircumcised,S Jer 9:26 with those killed by the sword.

“‘This is Pharaoh and all his hordes, declares the Sovereign Lord.’”

A Lament Over Pharaoh

32 In the twelfth year, in the twelfth month on the first day, the word of the Lord came to me:S Eze 31:1; 33:21“Son of man, take up a lament2Sa 1:17; 3:33; 2Ch 35:25; S Eze 19:1 concerning Pharaoh king of Egypt and say to him:

“‘You are like a lionS 2Ki 24:1; Na 2:11-13 among the nations;

you are like a monsterS Job 3:8; S Ps 74:13 in the seasS Ge 1:21

thrashing about in your streams,

churning the water with your feet

and muddying the streams.ver 13; Job 41:31; S Eze 29:3; 34:18

“‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says:

“‘With a great throng of people

I will cast my net over you,

and they will haul you up in my net.S Eze 12:13; Hab 1:15

I will throw you on the land

and hurl you on the open field.

I will let all the birds of the sky settle on you

and all the animals of the wild gorge themselves on you.S Isa 18:6; Eze 31:12-13; 39:4-5, 17

I will spread your flesh on the mountains

and fill the valleysS Eze 31:12 with your remains.

I will drench the land with your flowing bloodS Isa 34:3

all the way to the mountains,

and the ravines will be filled with your flesh.S Eze 29:5

When I snuff you out, I will cover the heavens

and darken their stars;

I will cover the sun with a cloud,

and the moon will not give its light.S Isa 13:10; 34:4; S Eze 30:3; Joel 2:2, 31; 3:15; S Mt 24:29; Rev 8:12

All the shining lights in the heavens

I will darkenS Ps 102:26 over you;

I will bring darkness over your land,S Job 9:7; S Jer 4:23; Joel 2:10

declares the Sovereign Lord.

I will trouble the hearts of many peoples

when I bring about your destruction among the nations,

amongHebrew; Septuagint bring you into captivity among the nations, / to lands you have not known.

10 I will cause many peoples to be appalled at you,

and their kings will shudder with horror because of you

when I brandish my swordS Isa 30:32 before them.

On the dayS Jer 46:10 of your downfall

each of them will tremble

every moment for his life.S Eze 26:16; S 27:35; 30:9; Rev 18:9-10

11 “‘For this is what the Sovereign Lord says:

“‘The swordS Eze 21:19 of the king of BabylonS Isa 19:4; S Jer 46:13

will come against you.S Eze 29:19

12 I will cause your hordes to fall

by the swords of mighty men—

the most ruthless of all nations.S Eze 28:7

They will shatter the pride of Egypt,

and all her hordes will be overthrown.Eze 31:11-12

13 I will destroy all her cattle

from beside abundant waters

no longer to be stirred by the foot of man

or muddied by the hooves of cattle.S ver 2; S Eze 29:8, 11

14 Then I will let her waters settle

and make her streams flow like oil,

declares the Sovereign Lord.

15 When I make Egypt desolate

and strip the land of everything in it,

when I strike down all who live there,

then they will know that I am the Lord.Ex 7:5; S 14:4, 18; Ps 107:33-34

16 “This is the lamentS Ge 50:10; S Eze 19:1 they will chant for her. The daughters of the nations will chant it; for Egypt and all her hordes they will chant it, declares the Sovereign Lord.”

Egypt’s Descent Into the Realm of the Dead

17 In the twelfth year, on the fifteenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:S ver 118 “Son of man, wail for the hordes of Egypt and consignJer 1:10 to the earth below both her and the daughters of mighty nations, along with those who go down to the pit.Eze 26:20; S 31:14, 16; Mic 1:819 Say to them, ‘Are you more favored than others? Go down and be laid among the uncircumcised.’ver 29-30; S Eze 28:1020 They will fall among those killed by the sword. The sword is drawn; let her be draggedPs 28:3 off with all her hordes.Eze 31:17-1821 From within the realm of the deadS Isa 14:9 the mighty leaders will say of Egypt and her allies, ‘They have come down and they lie with the uncircumcised,Eze 28:10 with those killed by the sword.’

22 “Assyria is there with her whole army; she is surrounded by the graves of all her slain, all who have fallen by the sword.23 Their graves are in the depths of the pitS Isa 14:15 and her army lies around her grave.Na 1:14 All who had spread terror in the land of the living are slain, fallen by the sword.

24 “ElamS Ge 10:22 is there, with all her hordes around her grave. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword.S Jer 49:37 All who had spread terror in the land of the livingS Job 28:13 went down uncircumcised to the earth below. They bear their shame with those who go down to the pit.S Eze 26:2025 A bed is made for her among the slain, with all her hordes around her grave. All of them are uncircumcised,Eze 28:10 killed by the sword. Because their terror had spread in the land of the living, they bear their shame with those who go down to the pit; they are laid among the slain.

26 “Meshek and TubalS Eze 27:13 are there, with all their hordes around their graves. All of them are uncircumcised, killed by the sword because they spread their terror in the land of the living.27 But they do not lie with the fallen warriors of old,Septuagint; Hebrew warriors who were uncircumcisedEze 28:10 who went down to the realm of the dead with their weapons of war—their swords placed under their heads and their shieldsProbable reading of the original Hebrew text; Masoretic Text punishment resting on their bones—though these warriors also had terrorized the land of the living.

28 “You too, Pharaoh, will be broken and will lie among the uncircumcised, with those killed by the sword.

29 “EdomS Ps 137:7; Isa 34:5-15; Jer 49:7; Eze 35:15; Ob 1:1 is there, her kings and all her princes; despite their power, they are laid with those killed by the sword. They lie with the uncircumcised, with those who go down to the pit.Eze 25:12-14

30 “All the princes of the northS Isa 14:31; Jer 25:26; Eze 38:6; 39:2 and all the SidoniansS Ge 10:15; S Jer 25:22 are there; they went down with the slain in disgrace despite the terror caused by their power. They lie uncircumcisedEze 28:10 with those killed by the sword and bear their shame with those who go down to the pit.S Eze 26:20; S 28:8

31 “Pharaoh—he and all his army—will see them and he will be consoledS Eze 14:22 for all his hordes that were killed by the sword, declares the Sovereign Lord.32 Although I had him spread terror in the land of the living, PharaohS Jer 44:30 and all his hordes will be laid among the uncircumcised, with those killed by the sword, declares the Sovereign Lord.”S Job 3:14

Egypt Compared to Fallen Assyria

31 On June 21,Hebrew On the first day of the third month, of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar. This event occurred on June 21, 587 B.c.; also see note on 1:1. during the eleventh year of King Jehoiachin’s captivity, this message came to me from the Lord:“Son of man, give this message to Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and all his hordes:

“To whom would you compare your greatness?

You are like mighty Assyria,

which was once like a cedar of Lebanon,

with beautiful branches that cast deep forest shade

and with its top high among the clouds.

Deep springs watered it

and helped it to grow tall and luxuriant.

The water flowed around it like a river,

streaming to all the trees nearby.

This great tree towered high,

higher than all the other trees around it.

It prospered and grew long thick branches

because of all the water at its roots.

The birds nested in its branches,

and in its shade all the wild animals gave birth.

All the great nations of the world

lived in its shadow.

It was strong and beautiful,

with wide-spreading branches,

for its roots went deep

into abundant water.

No other cedar in the garden of God

could rival it.

No cypress had branches to equal it;

no plane tree had boughs to compare.

No tree in the garden of God

came close to it in beauty.

Because I made this tree so beautiful,

and gave it such magnificent foliage,

it was the envy of all the other trees of Eden,

the garden of God.

10 “Therefore, this is what the Sovereign Lord says: Because EgyptHebrew you. became proud and arrogant, and because it set itself so high above the others, with its top reaching to the clouds,11 I will hand it over to a mighty nation that will destroy it as its wickedness deserves. I have already discarded it.12 A foreign army—the terror of the nations—has cut it down and left it fallen on the ground. Its branches are scattered across the mountains and valleys and ravines of the land. All those who lived in its shadow have gone away and left it lying there.

13 “The birds roost on its fallen trunk,

and the wild animals lie among its branches.

14 Let the tree of no other nation

proudly exult in its own prosperity,

though it be higher than the clouds

and it be watered from the depths.

For all are doomed to die,

to go down to the depths of the earth.

They will land in the pit

along with everyone else on earth.

15 “This is what the Sovereign Lord says: When Assyria went down to the grave,Hebrew to Sheol; also in 31:16, 17. I made the deep springs mourn. I stopped its rivers and dried up its abundant water. I clothed Lebanon in black and caused the trees of the field to wilt.16 I made the nations shake with fear at the sound of its fall, for I sent it down to the grave with all the others who descend to the pit. And all the other proud trees of Eden, the most beautiful and the best of Lebanon, the ones whose roots went deep into the water, took comfort to find it there with them in the depths of the earth.17 Its allies, too, were all destroyed and had passed away. They had gone down to the grave—all those nations that had lived in its shade.

18 “O Egypt, to which of the trees of Eden will you compare your strength and glory? You, too, will be brought down to the depths with all these other nations. You will lie there among the outcastsHebrew among the uncircumcised. who have died by the sword. This will be the fate of Pharaoh and all his hordes. I, the Sovereign Lord, have spoken!”

A Warning for Pharaoh

32 On March 3,Hebrew On the first day of the twelfth month, of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar. This event occurred on March 3, 585 B.c.; also see note on 1:1. during the twelfth year of King Jehoiachin’s captivity, this message came to me from the Lord:“Son of man, mourn for Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and give him this message:

“You think of yourself as a strong young lion among the nations,

but you are really just a sea monster,

heaving around in your own rivers,

stirring up mud with your feet.

Therefore, this is what the Sovereign Lord says:

I will send many people

to catch you in my net

and haul you out of the water.

I will leave you stranded on the land to die.

All the birds of the heavens will land on you,

and the wild animals of the whole earth

will gorge themselves on you.

I will scatter your flesh on the hills

and fill the valleys with your bones.

I will drench the earth with your gushing blood

all the way to the mountains,

filling the ravines to the brim.

When I blot you out,

I will veil the heavens and darken the stars.

I will cover the sun with a cloud,

and the moon will not give you its light.

I will darken the bright stars overhead

and cover your land in darkness.

I, the Sovereign Lord, have spoken!

“I will disturb many hearts when I bring news of your downfall to distant nations you have never seen.10 Yes, I will shock many lands, and their kings will be terrified at your fate. They will shudder in fear for their lives as I brandish my sword before them on the day of your fall.11 For this is what the Sovereign Lord says:

“The sword of the king of Babylon

will come against you.

12 I will destroy your hordes with the swords of mighty warriors—

the terror of the nations.

They will shatter the pride of Egypt,

and all its hordes will be destroyed.

13 I will destroy all your flocks and herds

that graze beside the streams.

Never again will people or animals

muddy those waters with their feet.

14 Then I will let the waters of Egypt become calm again,

and they will flow as smoothly as olive oil,

says the Sovereign Lord.

15 And when I destroy Egypt

and strip you of everything you own

and strike down all your people,

then you will know that I am the Lord.

16 Yes, this is the funeral song

they will sing for Egypt.

Let all the nations mourn.

Let them mourn for Egypt and its hordes.

I, the Sovereign Lord, have spoken!”

Egypt Falls into the Pit

17 On March 17,Hebrew On the fifteenth day of the month, presumably in the twelfth month of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar (see 32:1). This would put this message at the end of King Jehoiachin’s twelfth year of captivity, on March 17, 585 B.c.; also see note on 1:1. Greek version reads On the fifteenth day of the first month, which would put this message on April 27, 586 B.c., at the beginning of Jehoiachin’s twelfth year. during the twelfth year, another message came to me from the Lord:18 “Son of man, weep for the hordes of Egypt and for the other mighty nations.The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. For I will send them down to the world below in company with those who descend to the pit.19 Say to them,

‘O Egypt, are you lovelier than the other nations?

No! So go down to the pit and lie there among the outcasts.Hebrew the uncircumcised; also in 32:21, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 32.

20 The Egyptians will fall with the many who have died by the sword, for the sword is drawn against them. Egypt and its hordes will be dragged away to their judgment.21 Down in the graveHebrew in Sheol. mighty leaders will mockingly welcome Egypt and its allies, saying, ‘They have come down; they lie among the outcasts, hordes slaughtered by the sword.’

22 “Assyria lies there surrounded by the graves of its army, those who were slaughtered by the sword.23 Their graves are in the depths of the pit, and they are surrounded by their allies. They struck terror in the hearts of people everywhere, but now they have been slaughtered by the sword.

24 “Elam lies there surrounded by the graves of all its hordes, those who were slaughtered by the sword. They struck terror in the hearts of people everywhere, but now they have descended as outcasts to the world below. Now they lie in the pit and share the shame of those who have gone before them.25 They have a resting place among the slaughtered, surrounded by the graves of all their hordes. Yes, they terrorized the nations while they lived, but now they lie in shame with others in the pit, all of them outcasts, slaughtered by the sword.

26 “Meshech and Tubal are there, surrounded by the graves of all their hordes. They once struck terror in the hearts of people everywhere. But now they are outcasts, all slaughtered by the sword.27 They are not buried in honor like their fallen heroes, who went down to the graveHebrew to Sheol. with their weapons—their shields covering their bodiesThe meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. and their swords beneath their heads. Their guilt rests upon them because they brought terror to everyone while they were still alive.

28 “You too, Egypt, will lie crushed and broken among the outcasts, all slaughtered by the sword.

29 “Edom is there with its kings and princes. Mighty as they were, they also lie among those slaughtered by the sword, with the outcasts who have gone down to the pit.

30 “All the princes of the north and the Sidonians are there with others who have died. Once a terror, they have been put to shame. They lie there as outcasts with others who were slaughtered by the sword. They share the shame of all who have descended to the pit.

31 “When Pharaoh and his entire army arrive, he will take comfort that he is not alone in having his hordes killed, says the Sovereign Lord.32 Although I have caused his terror to fall upon all the living, Pharaoh and his hordes will lie there among the outcasts who were slaughtered by the sword. I, the Sovereign Lord, have spoken!”

31 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the third month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,

Son of man, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to his multitude; Whom art thou like in thy greatness?

Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs.

The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round about his plants, and sent her little rivers unto all the trees of the field.

Therefore his height was exalted above all the trees of the field, and his boughs were multiplied, and his branches became long because of the multitude of waters, when he shot forth.

All the fowls of heaven made their nests in his boughs, and under his branches did all the beasts of the field bring forth their young, and under his shadow dwelt all great nations.

Thus was he fair in his greatness, in the length of his branches: for his root was by great waters.

The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chestnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty.

I have made him fair by the multitude of his branches: so that all the trees of Eden, that were in the garden of God, envied him.

10 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Because thou hast lifted up thyself in height, and he hath shot up his top among the thick boughs, and his heart is lifted up in his height;

11 I have therefore delivered him into the hand of the mighty one of the heathen; he shall surely deal with him: I have driven him out for his wickedness.

12 And strangers, the terrible of the nations, have cut him off, and have left him: upon the mountains and in all the valleys his branches are fallen, and his boughs are broken by all the rivers of the land; and all the people of the earth are gone down from his shadow, and have left him.

13 Upon his ruin shall all the fowls of the heaven remain, and all the beasts of the field shall be upon his branches:

14 To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.

15 Thus saith the Lord God; In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.

16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth.

17 They also went down into hell with him unto them that be slain with the sword; and they that were his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the heathen.

18 To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shalt thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth: thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord God.

32 And it came to pass in the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,

Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say unto him, Thou art like a young lion of the nations, and thou art as a whale in the seas: and thou camest forth with thy rivers, and troubledst the waters with thy feet, and fouledst their rivers.

Thus saith the Lord God; I will therefore spread out my net over thee with a company of many people; and they shall bring thee up in my net.

Then will I leave thee upon the land, I will cast thee forth upon the open field, and will cause all the fowls of the heaven to remain upon thee, and I will fill the beasts of the whole earth with thee.

And I will lay thy flesh upon the mountains, and fill the valleys with thy height.

I will also water with thy blood the land wherein thou swimmest, even to the mountains; and the rivers shall be full of thee.

And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.

All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord God.

I will also vex the hearts of many people, when I shall bring thy destruction among the nations, into the countries which thou hast not known.

10 Yea, I will make many people amazed at thee, and their kings shall be horribly afraid for thee, when I shall brandish my sword before them; and they shall tremble at every moment, every man for his own life, in the day of thy fall.

11 For thus saith the Lord God; The sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon thee.

12 By the swords of the mighty will I cause thy multitude to fall, the terrible of the nations, all of them: and they shall spoil the pomp of Egypt, and all the multitude thereof shall be destroyed.

13 I will destroy also all the beasts thereof from beside the great waters; neither shall the foot of man trouble them any more, nor the hoofs of beasts trouble them.

14 Then will I make their waters deep, and cause their rivers to run like oil, saith the Lord God.

15 When I shall make the land of Egypt desolate, and the country shall be destitute of that whereof it was full, when I shall smite all them that dwell therein, then shall they know that I am the Lord.

16 This is the lamentation wherewith they shall lament her: the daughters of the nations shall lament her: they shall lament for her, even for Egypt, and for all her multitude, saith the Lord God.

17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,

18 Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.

19 Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised.

20 They shall fall in the midst of them that are slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes.

21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.

22 Asshur is there and all her company: his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword:

23 Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living.

24 There is Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit.

25 They have set her a bed in the midst of the slain with all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword: though their terror was caused in the land of the living, yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit: he is put in the midst of them that be slain.

26 There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.

27 And they shall not lie with the mighty that are fallen of the uncircumcised, which are gone down to hell with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon their bones, though they were the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.

28 Yea, thou shalt be broken in the midst of the uncircumcised, and shalt lie with them that are slain with the sword.

29 There is Edom, her kings, and all her princes, which with their might are laid by them that were slain by the sword: they shall lie with the uncircumcised, and with them that go down to the pit.

30 There be the princes of the north, all of them, and all the Zidonians, which are gone down with the slain; with their terror they are ashamed of their might; and they lie uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword, and bear their shame with them that go down to the pit.

31 Pharaoh shall see them, and shall be comforted over all his multitude, even Pharaoh and all his army slain by the sword, saith the Lord God.

32 For I have caused my terror in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that are slain with the sword, even Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord God.

Hebrews 12:14-29

Warning and Encouragement

14 Make every effort to live in peace with everyoneS Ro 14:19 and to be holy;Ro 6:22 without holiness no one will see the Lord.S Mt 5:815 See to it that no one falls short of the grace of GodGal 5:4; Heb 3:12; 4:1 and that no bitter rootDt 29:18 grows up to cause trouble and defile many.16 See that no one is sexually immoral,S 1Co 6:18 or is godless like Esau, who for a single meal sold his inheritance rights as the oldest son.Ge 25:29-3417 Afterward, as you know, when he wanted to inherit this blessing, he was rejected. Even though he sought the blessing with tears,Ge 27:30-40 he could not change what he had done.

The Mountain of Fear and the Mountain of Joy

18 You have not come to a mountain that can be touched and that is burning with fire; to darkness, gloom and storm;Ex 19:12-22; 20:18; Dt 4:1119 to a trumpet blastEx 20:18 or to such a voice speaking wordsDt 4:12 that those who heard it begged that no further word be spoken to them,Ex 20:19; Dt 5:5, 25; 18:1620 because they could not bear what was commanded: “If even an animal touches the mountain, it must be stoned to death.”Exodus 19:12,13Ex 19:12, 1321 The sight was so terrifying that Moses said, “I am trembling with fear.”See Deut. 9:19.Dt 9:19

22 But you have come to Mount Zion,Isa 24:23; 60:14; Rev 14:1 to the cityHeb 11:10; 13:14 of the living God,S Mt 16:16 the heavenly Jerusalem.S Gal 4:26 You have come to thousands upon thousands of angels in joyful assembly,23 to the church of the firstborn,Ex 4:22 whose names are written in heaven.S Rev 20:12 You have come to God, the Judge of all,Ge 18:25; Ps 94:2 to the spirits of the righteous made perfect,Php 3:1224 to Jesus the mediatorS Gal 3:20 of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled bloodHeb 9:19; 10:22; 1Pe 1:2 that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.Ge 4:10; Heb 11:4

25 See to it that you do not refuseHeb 3:12 him who speaks.S Heb 1:1 If they did not escape when they refused him who warnedHeb 8:5; 11:7 them on earth, how much less will we, if we turn away from him who warns us from heaven?Dt 18:19; Heb 2:2, 3; 10:2926 At that time his voice shook the earth,Ex 19:18 but now he has promised, “Once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens.”Haggai 2:6Hag 2:627 The words “once more” indicate the removing of what can be shakenIsa 34:4; 54:10; 1Co 7:31; Heb 1:11, 12; 2Pe 3:10; 1Jn 2:17—that is, created things—so that what cannot be shaken may remain.

28 Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken,Ps 15:5; Da 2:44 let us be thankful, and so worship God acceptably with reverence and awe,Mal 2:5; 4:2; Heb 13:1529 for our “God is a consuming fire.”Deut. 4:24Ex 24:17; Dt 4:24; 9:3; Ps 97:3; Isa 33:14; S 2Th 1:7

A Call to Listen to God

14 Work at living in peace with everyone, and work at living a holy life, for those who are not holy will not see the Lord.15 Look after each other so that none of you fails to receive the grace of God. Watch out that no poisonous root of bitterness grows up to trouble you, corrupting many.16 Make sure that no one is immoral or godless like Esau, who traded his birthright as the firstborn son for a single meal.17 You know that afterward, when he wanted his father’s blessing, he was rejected. It was too late for repentance, even though he begged with bitter tears.

18 You have not come to a physical mountain,Greek to something that can be touched. to a place of flaming fire, darkness, gloom, and whirlwind, as the Israelites did at Mount Sinai.19 For they heard an awesome trumpet blast and a voice so terrible that they begged God to stop speaking.20 They staggered back under God’s command: “If even an animal touches the mountain, it must be stoned to death.”Exod 19:13.21 Moses himself was so frightened at the sight that he said, “I am terrified and trembling.”Deut 9:19.

22 No, you have come to Mount Zion, to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to countless thousands of angels in a joyful gathering.23 You have come to the assembly of God’s firstborn children, whose names are written in heaven. You have come to God himself, who is the judge over all things. You have come to the spirits of the righteous ones in heaven who have now been made perfect.24 You have come to Jesus, the one who mediates the new covenant between God and people, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks of forgiveness instead of crying out for vengeance like the blood of Abel.

25 Be careful that you do not refuse to listen to the One who is speaking. For if the people of Israel did not escape when they refused to listen to Moses, the earthly messenger, we will certainly not escape if we reject the One who speaks to us from heaven!26 When God spoke from Mount Sinai his voice shook the earth, but now he makes another promise: “Once again I will shake not only the earth but the heavens also.”Hag 2:6.27 This means that all of creation will be shaken and removed, so that only unshakable things will remain.

28 Since we are receiving a Kingdom that is unshakable, let us be thankful and please God by worshiping him with holy fear and awe.29 For our God is a devouring fire.

14 Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord:

15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled;

16 Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.

17 For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.

18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:

20 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:

21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,

23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,

24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.

25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven:

26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.

27 And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.

28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:

29 For our God is a consuming fire.

Psalm 113:1-114:8

Psalm 113

Praise the Lord.Hebrew Hallelu Yah; also in verse 9S Ps 22:23

Praise the Lord, you his servants;Ps 34:22; S 103:21; 134:1

praise the name of the Lord.

Let the name of the Lord be praised,S Ps 30:4; 48:10; 145:21; 148:13; 149:3; Isa 12:4

both now and forevermore.Ps 115:18; 131:3; Da 2:20

From the rising of the sunIsa 24:15; 45:6; 59:19; Mal 1:11 to the place where it sets,

the name of the Lord is to be praised.

The Lord is exaltedS Ps 99:2 over all the nations,

his glory above the heavens.S Ps 8:1; S 57:11

Who is like the Lord our God,S Ex 8:10; S Ps 35:10

the One who sits enthronedS Ps 103:19 on high,S Job 16:19

who stoops down to lookPs 11:4; 138:6; Isa 57:15

on the heavens and the earth?

He raises the poor1Sa 2:8; Ps 35:10; 68:10; 140:12 from the dust

and lifts the needyPs 107:41 from the ash heap;

he seats themS 2Sa 9:11 with princes,

with the princes of his people.

He settles the childlessS 1Sa 2:5 woman in her home

as a happy mother of children.

Praise the Lord.

Psalm 114

When Israel came out of Egypt,S Ex 13:3; S 29:46

Jacob from a people of foreign tongue,

JudahPs 76:1 became God’s sanctuary,S Ex 15:17; Ps 78:68-69

Israel his dominion.

The sea looked and fled,Ex 14:21; Ps 77:16

the Jordan turned back;S Ex 15:8; S Jos 3:16

the mountains leapedS Jdg 5:5 like rams,

the hills like lambs.

Why was it, sea, that you fled?S Ex 14:21

Why, Jordan, did you turn back?

Why, mountains, did you leap like rams,

you hills, like lambs?

Tremble, earth,S Ex 15:14; S 1Ch 16:30 at the presence of the Lord,

at the presence of the God of Jacob,

who turned the rock into a pool,

the hard rock into springs of water.S Ex 17:6; S Nu 20:11

Psalm 113

Praise the Lord!

Yes, give praise, O servants of the Lord.

Praise the name of the Lord!

Blessed be the name of the Lord

now and forever.

Everywhere—from east to west—

praise the name of the Lord.

For the Lord is high above the nations;

his glory is higher than the heavens.

Who can be compared with the Lord our God,

who is enthroned on high?

He stoops to look down

on heaven and on earth.

He lifts the poor from the dust

and the needy from the garbage dump.

He sets them among princes,

even the princes of his own people!

He gives the childless woman a family,

making her a happy mother.

Praise the Lord!

Psalm 114

When the Israelites escaped from Egypt—

when the family of Jacob left that foreign land—

the land of Judah became God’s sanctuary,

and Israel became his kingdom.

The Red SeaHebrew the sea; also in 114:5. saw them coming and hurried out of their way!

The water of the Jordan River turned away.

The mountains skipped like rams,

the hills like lambs!

What’s wrong, Red Sea, that made you hurry out of their way?

What happened, Jordan River, that you turned away?

Why, mountains, did you skip like rams?

Why, hills, like lambs?

Tremble, O earth, at the presence of the Lord,

at the presence of the God of Jacob.

He turned the rock into a pool of water;

yes, a spring of water flowed from solid rock.

113 Praise ye the Lord. Praise, O ye servants of the Lord, praise the name of the Lord.

Blessed be the name of the Lord from this time forth and for evermore.

From the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same the Lord's name is to be praised.

The Lord is high above all nations, and his glory above the heavens.

Who is like unto the Lord our God, who dwelleth on high,

Who humbleth himself to behold the things that are in heaven, and in the earth!

He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth the needy out of the dunghill;

That he may set him with princes, even with the princes of his people.

He maketh the barren woman to keep house, and to be a joyful mother of children. Praise ye the Lord.

114 When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

Judah was his sanctuary, and Israel his dominion.

The sea saw it, and fled: Jordan was driven back.

The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs.

What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou fleddest? thou Jordan, that thou wast driven back?

Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams; and ye little hills, like lambs?

Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob;

Which turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.

Proverbs 27:18-20

18 The one who guards a fig tree will eat its fruit,1Co 9:7

and whoever protects their master will be honored.Lk 19:12-27

19 As water reflects the face,

so one’s life reflects the heart.Or so others reflect your heart back to you

20 Death and DestructionHebrew Abaddon are never satisfied,Pr 30:15-16; Hab 2:5

and neither are human eyes.Ecc 1:8; 6:7

18 As workers who tend a fig tree are allowed to eat the fruit,

so workers who protect their employer’s interests will be rewarded.

19 As a face is reflected in water,

so the heart reflects the real person.

20 Just as Death and DestructionHebrew Sheol and Abaddon. are never satisfied,

so human desire is never satisfied.

18 Whoso keepeth the fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof: so he that waiteth on his master shall be honoured.

19 As in water face answereth to face, so the heart of man to man.

20 Hell and destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied.

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